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Shaaark! is a five-reel, twenty-pay lines slot
game with a 'free game' feature. The Free Games
Feature is triggered when 3 or more scattered
Fin symbols appear anywhere at the same time.
During the free games, a Shark would randomly
swim on the game screen and randomly change symbols
into wild Shark, which substitutes for all other
symbols except the scattered Fin. The free games
feature can be retriggered during free games when
3 or more scattered Fin symbols appear anywhere
at the same time. Shark substitutes for all other
symbols except Scattered Fin.
The minimum bet amount is $0.01 USD and the maximum
bet amount is $600 USD.
You can bet on up to twenty lines. The paylines
are shown under the Paylines section located on
the Paytable (Help) screen.
How to play:
Setting 'LINES': Twenty lines are selected by
default. You can decrease or increase the number
of lines by clicking on the '+' or '-' buttons
available under the 'LINES' indicator on the game
screen respectively. Selected lines are lit, and
unselected lines are not lit. You can also select/deselect
Lines by clicking on desired line number at the
end of lines.
Max Lines: To play with 20 lines, click on 'MAX
' under 'LINES'. If your game balance is not sufficient,
this option is disabled.
Setting 'BETS': When you enter the game, a default
bet of $0.1 per line is set for all 20 lines,
resulting in a total bet of $2.00. You can choose
to increase or decrease the bet per line by clicking
the '+' or '-' buttons available under the 'BET'
indicator. If your game balance is less than $2.00,
the system will automatically adjust the bet to
the next highest possible amount.
Max Bet: To play with $30.00 bet per line, click
on 'MAX' under 'BET'. If your game balance is
not sufficient, this option is disabled.
The number of selected lines is multiplied by
the 'bet per line', and the total bet amount is
displayed in the 'TOTAL BET' meter, which is located
at the bottom center of the game screen.
'RULES': The game rules can be viewed by clicking
on the 'PAYTABLE' button on the bottom left of
the screen, then 'RULES' button on 'PAY TABLE'
screen. You can go back to the game by clicking
on the 'GAME' button on the 'RULES' screen.
'PAYTABLE': The 'PAYTABLE' can be viewed by clicking
on the 'PAYTABLE' button located on the game rules
screen. To calculate the payout amount, multiply
the respective prize with the bet per line. Note
that to calculate the payout for scatter symbols,
multiply the respective prize with the total bet.
You can go back to the game by clicking on the
Spin: After the reels stop spinning, any winning
combinations on the selected lines, or any scatter
wins, will be paid according to the paytable.
Result: Any wins are indicated by their paylines
highlighted and symbols animating, in case of
scatter wins, scatter symbols are animated. The
total win amount is shown at the bottom of the
reels as a message and PAID meter is updated with
winning amount. The individual line wins are shown
at the right end or left end of each winning line.
Repeat Bet/Change Bet: If you have already bet,
the settings selected will be automatically carried
over to the subsequent spin. Simply click on 'SPIN'
to play with the same bet again. To change your
bet, use the '+' or '-' buttons under the 'BET'
or 'LINES' indicators as explained above.
Credits: Your remaining game balance, after you
have placed the desired bet, is shown in 'CREDIT'
Your current game balance is the sum of the amounts
displayed in the 'CREDIT' meter and the 'TOTAL
'AUTOSPIN': You can make use of this feature to
choose amongst the various options for 'hands
free' game play. Options available under this
Number of spins: The game will automatically spin
for the number of spins selected from the drop-down
Spin till win is equal to or exceeds: The game
will automatically spin until the win amount is
equal to or exceeds the amount selected from the
drop down menu.
Spin till any win: The game will automatically
spin until the next win.
Spin till feature trigger or bonus round: The
game will automatically spin until the next feature
or bonus round is triggered.
Spin till my balance exceeds: The game will automatically
spin until the game balance is greater than or
equal to the amount entered. Note that 'game balance'
implies the sum of the amounts given in 'CREDIT'
meter and 'TOTAL BET' meter.
Spin till my balance falls below: The game will
automatically spin until the game balance is less
than or equal to the amount entered. Note that
'Game balance' implies the sum of amounts given
in 'CREDIT' meter and 'TOTAL BET' meter.
Play faster: This option lets you play faster
than usual by reducing the break time. You must
choose at least one of the other available Auto
Spin options before selecting 'Play Faster'.
To make use of the autospin feature, click on
the 'AUTO SPIN' button in the bottom left of the
game screen. When the autospin window opens, check
the boxes next to the option(s) you'd like to
play with. Select from the drop-down menu where
applicable. Click on 'START' to activate the selected
options and start the spins. Click on 'CANCEL'
to return to the game screen.
You can deactivate 'AUTO SPIN' by clicking on
the 'STOP SPIN' button. If spin is in progress,
'AUTO SPIN' will be stopped after completing the
current spin. Otherwise 'AUTO SPIN' is stopped
When playing with multiple 'AUTO SPIN' options,
the condition that is satisfied first will take
precedence over the others, and the remaining
selected conditions will be ignored. You can then
choose to either select the same set of options
again, or choose new option(s), and proceed with
the 'AUTO SPIN'.
Please note: The 'AUTOSPIN' option is not available
in play money mode.
Click on 'GAME LOGS' to view the logs of the games
Click on 'REBUY' to buy more credits into the
game from your PartyAccount.
Click on 'EXIT GAME' to leave the game and return
to the Lobby.
The game rules are identical in both real money
and play money modes.
Play 1 to 20 lines
Payouts are made according to the Paytable
Payline wins are multiplied by the amount staked
Scatter wins are multiplied by the total amount
Scatter wins are added to payline wins
Highest win only on each selected payline
Coinciding wins on different paylines are added
All wins occur on selected lines except Scattered
Fin which pays anywhere
All symbols pay Left to Right only except Scattered
Fin which pays any where
Shark substitutes for all other symbols except
The prize is doubled when one or more Shark substitute
in a winning combination
FREE GAMES FEATURE
The Free Games Feature is triggered when 3 or
more Scattered Fin appears any where at the same
10 free games are awarded, during which all prizes
The free games feature can be retriggered when
scattered Fin appears any where at the same time
and rules for award of free games and payoff remains
same as above
All Free Games are played with the same number
of lines and bet per line of the trigger game
During Free Spins feature, a Shark would randomly
swim on the game screen and randomly change symbols
into wild Shark, which substitutes for all other
symbols except the scattered Fin.
theoretical return to player of this game is 93.460%
funds to your PartyAccount
To add funds to your PartyAccount, click on 'DEPOSIT'
in the 'Cashier' menu, then select the desired
deposit option(Play Anywhere clients) or click
on 'DEPOSIT' in the 'Cashier' option on left panel
in Main Lobby, then select the desired deposit
option (Down load clients). You can also add funds
to your account by clicking on 'REBUY' on the
game screen and then clicking on 'CASHIER'. The
time taken to transfer funds and the fees charged
will vary depending on which deposit option you
do I do if I reach my betting limits?
If your game balance drops below the minimum bet,
Buy-In window will be automatically presented.
add funds to your PartyAccount, click on the 'DEPOSIT'
option in the 'Cashier' menu in the Main Lobby
(Play anywhere clients) or click on 'DEPOSIT'
in the 'Cashier' option on left panel in Main
Lobby, then select the desired deposit option
(Down load clients), or click the 'CASHIER' button
in the 'Buy-In' window of any game.
not complete the game. What should I do?
If you get disconnected in the middle of the base
game, the software will automatically complete
the game for you. You will be able to find out
the result by clicking on the 'Game Logs' button
once you have logged back in. If you are still
having problems, please contact our 24/7 Customer
you are disconnected after triggering or in the
middle of the free games feature, on reconnection,
the software will automatically start the free
games feature, if not already started, or resume
from where it was disconnected. After completing
the free games feature, you can resume playing
the same game, or you can select another game
of your choice.
Voids all Pays and Plays.
is a 1975 American psychological thriller directed
by Steven Spielberg and based on Peter Benchley's
best-selling novel. The police chief of Amity
Island, a fictional summer resort town, tries
to protect beachgoers from a giant great white
shark by closing the beach, only to be overruled
by the town council, which wants the beach to
remain open to draw a profit from tourists during
the summer season. After several attacks, the
police chief enlists the help of a marine biologist
and a professional shark hunter. Roy Scheider
stars as police chief Martin Brody, Richard Dreyfuss
as marine biologist Matt Hooper, Robert Shaw as
shark hunter Quint, Lorraine Gary as Brody's wife
Ellen, and Murray Hamilton as Mayor Larry Vaughn.
Jaws is regarded as a watershed film in motion
picture history, the father of the summer blockbuster
movie and one of the first "high concept"
films. Due to the film's success in advance
screenings, studio executives decided to distribute
it in a much wider release than ever before. The
Omen followed suit in the summer of 1976 and then
Star Wars one year later in 1977, cementing the
notion for movie studios to distribute their big-release
action and adventure pictures (commonly referred
to as tentpole pictures) during the summer. The
film was followed by three sequels, none with
the participation of Spielberg or Benchley: Jaws
2 (1978), Jaws 3-D (1983) and Jaws: The Revenge
(1987). A video game titled Jaws Unleashed was
produced in 2006. (Credit:
Newest Hyperlink(R) Slot, Jaws(TM), Makes World
Premiere at Sycuan Casino
Allan Spielberg, KBE (born December 18, 1946) is an
Academy Award-winning American film director. He is
the most financially successful motion picture director
of all time. He has directed and/or produced a number
of major box office hits, giving him great influence
in Hollywood. As of 2004, he has been listed in Premiere
and other magazines as the most "powerful"
and "influential" figure in the motion picture
industry, and at the end of the 20th century LIFE
named him the most influential person of his generation.
has won four Academy Awards (including an Irving G.
Thalberg Memorial Award). He has been nominated for
six Academy Awards for Best Director, winning two
of them (Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan),
and seven of the films he directed were up for the
Best Picture Oscar (Schindler's List won).
his films have been derided as the archetype of modern
Hollywood blockbuster film-making (commercialism over
artistic purposes) by some of his critics he ranks
among the most successful filmmakers in history, in
terms of both critical acclaim and popular success.
First coming to attention directing adventure films,
in later years he started to tackle emotionally powerful
issues, such as the Holocaust, slavery, war, and terrorism.
and early career
Spielberg was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, and later
raised in Camden, New Jersey, Haddon Township, New
Jersey, Phoenix, Arizona, Los Gatos, California and
Saratoga, California. His last name comes from the
name of the Austrian city where his Hungarian Jewish
ancestors lived in 17th century: Spielberg. He is
a contemporary of filmmakers George Lucas, Francis
Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, John Milius, and Brian
De Palma. Spielberg grew up making movies. He was
making amateur 8 mm "adventure" movies with
his friends as a teenager, and he made his first short
film for theatrical release, Amblin', in 1968, at
the age of twenty one. (Spielberg's own production
company, Amblin Entertainment, was named after this
attended Arcadia High School in Phoenix, Arizona and
subsequently graduated from Saratoga High School in
Saratoga, California in 1965. On attending Saratoga
High School, he said that it was the "worst experience"
of his life and "hell on Earth"..
attended California State University: Long Beach,
majoring in English, because Long Beach did not have
a film school at that time. While attending college
at Long Beach State in the 1960s, Spielberg was a
member of Theta Chi Fraternity. He dropped out in
1969 to take a television director contract at Universal
Studios. In 2002, thirty-five years after starting
college, Spielberg finished his degree via independent
projects at CSULB, and was awarded a B.A. in Film
Production and Electronic Arts with an option in Film/Video
applied for admission to the University of Southern
California's School of Cinema-Television three separate
times, and the prominent school later awarded Spielberg
an honorary degree in 1994. Two years later, Spielberg
became a Trustee of the University and has since tirelessly
devoted himself to supporting USC.
an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished
Eagle Scout Award from the Boy Scouts of America (BSA),
developed the requirements for the Boy Scout Cinematography
merit badge. He eventually resigned from the national
board of BSA because of his disapproval regarding
the BSA's anti-homosexuality stance.
started a fanciful story of how he broke into Hollywood
by sneakily squatting in an unoccupied office on the
Universal Studios lot. In fact, he had an unpaid summer
job on the lot.
first professional job came when he was hired to do
one of the segments for the pilot episode of Night
Gallery. The segment, Eyes, starred Joan Crawford,
and she and Spielberg were reportedly close friends
until her death. The episode is unusual in his body
of work, in that the camerawork is more highly stylized
than his later, more "mature" films. After
this, and an episode of Marcus Welby M.D., Spielberg
got his first feature-length assignment: an episode
of Name of the Game called "L.A. 2017".
This episode played to his interests in futuristic
science fiction, and Universal first began to take
note of his talents. He did another segment on Night
Gallery (some people claim that he also directed a
short five-minute segment called "A Matter of
Semantics" when the credited director had to
back out for unknown reasons, but this has never been
confirmed and is hotly debated), and did some work
for shows such as Owen Marshall, Counselor at Law
and The Psychiatrist before landing the first series
episode of Columbo (previous "episodes"
were actually TV-Movies).
on the strength of his work, Universal signed Spielberg
to do three TV movies. The first was a Richard Matheson
adaptation called Duel, first broadcast in 1971. It
was immediately recognized as a taut, well-made thriller,
and cemented Spielberg's emerging reputation. (Note
that all video/DVD releases of the film have been
the extended cut which was released theatrically in
America in 1983, not the original, shorter cut.) Realizing
what they had, Universal would not release Spielberg
to CBS, and insisted he fulfill the contract. In 1972,
he directed a TV movie called Something Evil, which
was made and released to capitalize on the popularity
of The Exorcist, then a major best-selling book which
had not yet been released as a movie. Spielberg is
said to be quite disappointed with the film, which
he never regarded as more than a knock-off. He fulfilled
his contract by directing the TV movie length pilot
of a show called Savage, starring Martin Landau. Though
the series was not picked up, the movie was shown
on TV in 1973, and is occasionally re-run, usually
highlighting Spielberg's participation.
debut theatrical feature film was The Sugarland Express,
based on the true story of a married couple who lead
the Texas police on a highway chase as they embark
on a journey to regain custody of their baby. Welcomed
with warm reviews, the film nevertheless failed to
catch on at the box office, but his producers Richard
Zanuck and David Brown were prepared to offer Spielberg
a more ambitious directing assignment.
next film was Jaws, a horror film based on the
Peter Benchley novel starring Roy Scheider about
a killer shark that attacks people off the coast
of a New England isle community. Jaws won three
Awards (for editing, original score and sound),
and grossed over USD$100 million at the box office,
setting the domestic record for box office gross.
It was also nominated for Best Picture and featured
Spielberg's first of three collaborations with
actor Richard Dreyfuss. To this day, Spielberg
maintains that Jaws was the hardest film he ever
had to make. He would decline offers to direct
its sequel by using his new influence to pursue
more personal projects.
offers to direct Jaws 2 and Superman, Spielberg and
actor Richard Dreyfuss re-convened to work on a pet
project Spielberg had had in mind since his youth:
a film about UFOs, which became Close Encounters of
the Third Kind (1977). The film remains a cult sci-fi
classic and has been highly influential ever since.
This is one of the rare movies that Spielberg both
wrote and directed. A hit at the box office, the film
also gained Spielberg his first Best Director nomination
from the Academy and was nominated for six other Academy
Awards, taking home Oscar in two (Cinematography --
Vilmos Zsigmond, and a Special Achievement Award for
Sound Effects Editing -- Frank E. Warner)
success Spielberg was beginning to enjoy, as well
as his eventual tendency to make films with wide
mainstream and commercial appeal, also subjected
him to disdain in critical circles by film reviewers.
For example, Spielberg's next film was 1941, a
big-budgeted World War II comedy farce set in
L.A. days after the attack on Pearl Harbor, with
the two top stars from Saturday Night Live, Dan
Aykroyd and John Belushi, along with other all-stars.
An exercise in excess, the film provided just
the ammunition cynical critics would require to
take down the young director. Over-budget, over-long
(in its extended version), the film flopped with
both audiences and critics alike, although in
the end it did make a small profit at the box
office, and eventually found its audience in television
showings. Expanded versions of 1941 have been
shown on network television and later on Laserdisc
and DVD and it has earned a cult status partly
because of Spielberg's eventual fame and partly
because of its camp status. Desperately in need
of quick redemption, Spielberg would next team
Wars creator George Lucas on a new action
some would consider Spielberg's greatest film work
was still to come, beginning in the 1980s. In 1981,
Spielberg teamed up for the first time with his long-time
friend George Lucas to make Raiders of the Lost Ark,
his homage to the cliffhanger serials of the Golden
Age of Hollywood, with Harrison Ford (whom Lucas had
previously cast in his Star Wars films) as the dashing
hero Indiana Jones. The biggest film at the box office
in 1981, and recipient of numerous Oscar nominations
including Best Director (Spielberg's second nomination)
and Best Picture (the second Spielberg film to be
nominated for Best Picture), Raiders is still hailed
as a landmark in action cinema.
year later, Spielberg returned to his alien visitors
motif with E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, the story
of a boy and the alien whom he befriends (and
is trying to get back "home" to outer
space). E.T. went on to become the top-grossing
film of all time for many years. It was also nominated
for many Academy Awards including Best Picture
and Best Director. It is considered by Spielberg
to be his own personal favorite film from his
works. E.T. originated as a sci-fi suspense thriller
called Night Skies. Night Skies also gave birth
to Poltergeist, a film that Spielberg co-wrote
, co-produced (and some people who worked on the
film claim directed) and was released only a week
before E.T.. Spielberg also negotiated an unusually
lucrative video game
licensing deal with Atari
for an E.T. video game. This was a famously expensive
failure which contributed to the video game crash
friend George Lucas immediately pulled Spielberg
back in as part of their friendly agreement to
make more Indiana
Jones movies with Indiana Jones and the Temple
of Doom. Plagued with uncertainty for the material,
the saving grace for Spielberg during the making
of this film would be the meeting of his future
wife Kate Capshaw, who was cast as Indiana's new
love interest. The film was a hit though the reviews
were less positive than they were for its predecessor.
It was criticized for lacking the energy of the
original, as well as for its grossly inaccurate
and ignorant depiction of Indian culture. The
extreme violence and gore would also inspire the
Motion Picture Association of America to create
the PG-13 rating the following year - in fact
it was Spielberg that suggested this rating.
1983, Spielberg fulfilled what had then been a life-long
dream by producing a big-screen adaptation of The
Twilight Zone. The movie consists of five different
segments -- two segments of original material directed
by John Landis and three remakes of classic Twilight
Zone episodes, each from a different director; Spielberg
himself directed the segment "Kick the Can,"
about an old man (played by Benjamin "Scatman"
Crothers) who has the ability to grant youth to the
residents of an old folk's home. Controversy struck
Spielberg when a helicopter accident on Landis's set
resulted in the deaths of two child actors and veteran
actor Vic Morrow. Despite the tragic results of the
Twilight Zone movie, Spielberg would again pay homage
to the show two years later by launching Amazing Stories,
a similar TV series which Spielberg would produce
and occasionally direct.
1985, Spielberg made The Color Purple, an adaptation
of Alice Walker's Pulitzer Prize-winning novel. Many
critics were unsure of whether or not Spielberg could
handle such serious material, as his output to that
point had been viewed as "lighter" entertainment.
Indeed, this proved to be Spielberg's trial by fire
in presenting the story of a generation of oppressed
African-American women (Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah
Winfrey) during depression-era America. Danny
Glover played the abusive patriarch. The film was
another box office smash and hailed by critics as
Spielberg's successful foray into the dramatic genre.
Roger Ebert entered it into his Great Films archive.
It received 11 Academy Award nominations including
two for Whoopi Goldberg and Oprah Winfrey. However
in one of the most controversial instances in the
History of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and
Sciences, Spielberg himself went without a Best Director
nomination despite the multitude of nominations the
was a time when the Chinese
economy was beginning to boom, and as the Chinese
gates began to open to the world, Spielberg took advantage
by shooting the first American movie in Shanghai since
the 1930s. The result was an adaptation of J.G. Ballard's
autobiographical novel, Empire of the Sun, which told
the story of a young boy named Jim (Christian Bale)
who is separated from his parents during the sacking
of Shanghai in 1941, and is forced to survive through
the rest of the war. Spielberg wanted to convey a
heartfelt message of innocence being shattered as
a result of war, as audiences saw the transformation
of Jim from sheltered Shanghai to a struggling and
resourceful war refugee. The film garnered numerous
praise from critics, was nominated for several Oscars,
but did not attract the kind of box office power that
Spielberg's films usually get.
two forays into dramatic films, Spielberg returned
to familiar territory by re-uniting "one
last time" for another Indiana Jones film
titled Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade. With
the inclusion of star Sean Connery, Spielberg
vicariously fulfilled a lifelong dream to make
a James Bond movie. Lucas
himself heralded his Indiana Jones creation as
an alternative to Bond back when they first discussed
films to work on together. The father-son issues
in the picture are congruent with much of Spielberg's
work, making this Indy film the most personal
of the three. Recipient of glowing reviews and
big box office receipts, Spielberg, Lucas and
Ford left the franchise on a high mark. The development
of a fourth Indiana
Jones film has been promised, and it is now
would mark the first year in which Spielberg would
direct two movies. Following on the heels of his last
Indiana Jones movie, he would re-unite with actor
Richard Dreyfuss with Always. Inspired by the film
A Guy Named Joe, Always is the story of Pete, a daredevil
pilot who extinguishes forest fires. When killed on
his last mission, he becomes something of a guardian
angel for a young man named Ted. But when Ted falls
in love with the girlfriend Pete left behind, Pete
must learn to let go of her and do what's best to
influence these characters as they themselves approach
another potential tragedy. Always marked Spielberg's
first foray into the romantic genre. A box office
flop and victim of mixed reviews, Always stands out
(or more precisely doesn't) as arguably Spielberg's
most overlooked and forgotten film. The film was otherwise
notable as being the last film which starred Audrey
the failure of Always, Spielberg headed back to safer
waters. In many ways, a Peter Pan story directed by
Steven Spielberg seemed like a forgone conclusion.
He had tried numerous times to film a live action
version of Peter Pan without success. When writer
James V. Hart pitched an alternate idea about Peter
Pan returning to Neverland as an adult, Spielberg
switched gears. Hook focused on a middle-aged Pan
(played by Robin Williams), who returns to Neverland
to face the title character (Captain Hook, played
by Dustin Hoffman). However, by the time the film
began shooting, innumerable rewrites and creative
changes made by the numerous major Hollywood players
attached to the project resulted in a film regarded
by most critics as hit-or-miss at best. The film was
made for $70 million (at that time a huge amount)
and made $119 million domestically, but it was not
as successful as some had hoped. Though Peter Pan
had grown up, some were wondering if Spielberg himself
1993, Spielberg decided to once again tackle the adventure
genre, as he directed the movie version of Michael
Crichton's novel Jurassic Park, about killer dinosaurs
rampaging through a tropical island resort. The adaptation
muted somewhat the novel's message about the consequences
of mankind tampering with nature, instead focusing
on the adventure aspects of the story. With the aid
of revolutionary special effects provided by friend
George Lucas' Industrial Light and Magic, the film
would eventually become one of the top ten highest
grossing films of all time (domestically), alongside
his earlier E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial. Spielberg
has stated in interviews at the time that the Japanese
Godzilla movies provided inspiration for Jurassic
was in that same year that Jurassic Park was released
that Spielberg finally received the critical acclaim
he had long sought for making Schindler's List (based
on the true story of Oskar Schindler, a man who risked
his own life to save 1,100 people from the wrath of
the Holocaust). The screenplay, adapted from Thomas
Keneally's novel, was originally in the hands of fellow
director Martin Scorsese, but Spielberg negotiated
with Scorsese to trade scripts (at the time, Spielberg
held the script for a remake of Cape Fear). Schindler's
List earned Spielberg his first Academy Award for
Best Director (it also won Best Picture). While the
film was a huge success at the box office, Spielberg
claimed not to have partaken in the profits, and instead
used the money to set up the Shoah Foundation. Some
critics maintain that Schindler's List is the most
accurate portrayal of the Holocaust, and in 1999 the
American Film Institute listed it among the 10 Greatest
Films ever Made (#9). Though Spielberg admits it is
definitely his most important film, he still holds
it second to E.T. as his masterwork. Some critics,
on the other hand, don't all share Spielberg's sentiment
and it is regarded by many as his finest and most
was Spielberg's biggest year with the success of Jurassic
Park and Schindler's List. Taking a four-year hiatus
from directing to spend more time with his family
and build his new studio DreamWorks, Spielberg found
himself back in the director's chair in 1997. This
time, he was helming the sequel to 1993's gigantic
Jurassic Park, based on Michael Crichton's The Lost
World. The film received mixed reviews, but did manage
to generate nearly $230 million in domestic box office,
giving it the third-highest total for 1997 behind
Titanic and Men in Black. In hindsight Spielberg expressed
his view that this sequel was a movie he wanted to
see, but didn't necessarily want to make himself.
Fatigued by the production, he would relinquish the
opportunity to direct any more Jurassic Park films.
followed his 1993 formula of releasing a dinosaur
movie followed by a historical drama by doing it again
in 1997. If Lost World was his bid to conquer the
box office, Amistad (like Schindler's List) was his
bid to win over the critics come awards season. Spielberg
released Amistad under the banner of his new studio
DreamWorks (formed with former Disney animation exec
Jeffrey Katzenberg and media mogul David Geffen).
Based on a true story about enslaved Africans who
rebelled against their captors, the film received
lavish praise from the critics, but was noted for
its violent massacre scenes. It did not do well at
the box office however, and has been overlooked since
its release. It would mark Spielberg's second essay
on the treatment of Blacks in American History (the
first being The Color Purple in 1985).
of Spielberg's critically acclaimed films, the
World War II drama Saving Private Ryan, was released
in 1998. The film follows a platoon of soldiers
led by Capt. Miller (Tom Hanks), from the landing
at Omaha Beach in Normandy to the heart of French
resistance, in order to retrieve a missing private
(Matt Damon), whose brothers were lost to the
war. Spielberg considered it one of his finest
works, yet in a highly publicized "showdown",
it lost the Best Picture Oscar at the 1999 Academy
Awards to Shakespeare in Love. However, Spielberg
would win his second Academy Award for his direction
in the war epic. The film, renowned for its graphic
violence, has proven highly influential on succeeding
war movies like Black Hawk Down and Enemy at the
Gates and it has set a standard for realistic
depiction of combat. The film was also the first
major hit for Spielberg's studio DreamWorks, which
co-produced the film with its eventual sister
completion of this film would mark a marathon of filmmaking
for Spielberg who shot The Lost World, Amistad, and
Saving Private Ryan back-to-back-to-back. By decade's
end, Spielberg still remained arguably the most influential
and powerful filmmaker in Hollywood.
on, Spielberg and Hanks, overwhelmed with the success
of the film's subject, decided to team together to
produce a TV mini-series based on Stephen Ambrose's
historical novel, Band of Brothers. The ten-part HBO
mini-series follows the trials and accomplishments
of the 101st Airborne Division, or Easy Company, also
starting from the landing in Normandy, to the Battle
of the Bulge, to the capture of Hitler's Eagle's Nest
in Germany itself. The series was hailed as the greatest
TV event of all time, winning a slew of awards both
at the Golden Globes and the Emmys.
recent films starting from the end of the millennium
are considered markedly different from that of his
previous films although many note similar themes being
played out in them. Many critics have stated that
Spielberg's recent films are an experimental phase.
Whether this is intentional on Spielberg's part is
unknown. Opinions on his recent films are also markedly
different. Some critics say that Spielberg has lost
his touch and whimsy while others claim he is entering
a new stage of his cinematic life. Critical opinions
on his recent films have earned more polarizing views
than his previous films, something that could be viewed
as the director taking risks that many have said he
did not take in his earlier years.
2001, Spielberg filmed fellow director and friend
Stanley Kubrick's final project, A.I.: Artificial
Intelligence, a project planned by the two directors
for many years but which Kubrick was unable to begin
during his lifetime. The futuristic story the humanoid
android longing for love, A.I. featured groundbreaking
visual effects and a multi-layered, allegorical storyline
in keeping with Kubrick's original vision. It starred
William Hurt, Jude Law, Frances O'Connor, and child
actor Haley Joel Osment as the android boy David.
The film polarized both critics and audiences, some
stating that the film was overly long and a pretentious
impression of Kubrick, others believing it to be a
masterpiece. The legendary director Billy Wilder called
A.I. "the most underrated film of the past few
years". The film failed to recoup its budget
at the US box office, though it earned profits overseas.
A.I., Spielberg and actor Tom
Cruise collaborated for the first time in
the futuristic neo-noir Minority Report, based
upon the sci-fi short story written by Philip
K. Dick about a D.C. police captain who has been
foreseen to murder a man he has not even met.
While criticized for its ignorance of the themes
of humanity in author Dick's original story, the
film was praised as a futuristic homage to film
noir, with its intelligent premise, thrilling
chase scenes, and whodunnit structure. In typical
Spielberg fashion the film earned over $300 million
dollars worldwide. Roger Ebert, who named it the
best film of 2002, praised the film for its breathtaking
vision of the future as well as for the way Spielberg
blended CGI with live-action.
after the release of Minority Report, Spielberg and
Co. immediately went to work on Catch Me If You Can,
a story of the daring adventures of a youthful con
artist. The film stars Leonardo DiCaprio in the lead
role, with Saving Private Ryan star Tom Hanks as the
FBI agent out to catch him. The movie marked a turn
of genre for Spielberg, who was at this point seen
to be branching out to different kinds of film genres
aside from the usual sci-fi fare he was known for.
It is arguably his most offbeat film to date. It earned
significant critical acclaim and box office success.
It also earned Christopher Walken a nomination for
Best Supporting Actor. The film is particularly known
for John Williams' score and its unique title sequence.
completion of this film once again marked another
conclusion to a marathon run of film-making as it
closed the hectic back-to-back-to-back filmings of
A.I., Minority Report and Catch Me If You Can; a trio
regarded as Spielberg's "running-man" trilogy
since it shares the common theme of a character fleeing
collaborated once again with Tom Hanks along with
Catherine Zeta-Jones and Stanley Tucci in The Terminal,
a warm-hearted comedy about a man of Eastern European
descent who is stranded in an airport after his home
country suffers a civil war during his flight, strongly
paralleling the situation of Merhan Karimi Nasseri.
It received mixed reviews but performed relatively
well at the box office.
modernized adaptation of War of the Worlds, featuring
Tom Cruise and Dakota Fanning, was released in the
U.S. on June 29, 2005. As with past Spielberg films,
Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) provided the special
effects. In his films E.T. and Close Encounters of
the Third Kind, Spielberg portrayed alien visitors
as potentially friendly for human beings willing to
connect with them. War of the Worlds marked a departure
from those optimistic themes; more violent alien invaders
wreak havoc upon Earth. The film was a major box office
success and critical opinions were generally positive,
although some critics pointed out logical inconsistencies
in the plot of the film and commented on its relative
lack of a satisfying conclusion. Also hounding the
film's release was the growing controversy sparked
by Cruise and his Scientology religious beliefs, which
arose during War's marketing campaign. Spielberg was
inspired to do the film after his childhood love of
the book "The War of the Worlds" written
by H. G. Wells. The movie features Spielberg's trademark
of a distant father reconnecting with his children.
the same day as the release of War of the Worlds,
Spielberg began shooting Munich, a film about
the events following the 1972 Munich Massacre.
Munich stands as Spielberg's second film essaying
Jewish relations in the world (the first being
Schindler's List). The film is based on Vengeance:
The True Story of an Israeli Counter-Terrorist
Team, a book by Canadian journalist George Jonas.
Although promoted as non-fiction, the book's veracity
has been largely questioned by journalists. It
was previously adapted into the 1986 made-for-TV
movie Sword of Gideon. The film received strong
critical praise, but underperformed at the US
and world box-office. The film bogged by controversy
has raised the ire of several Israeli and Palestinian
commentators and remains, perhaps, the film that
has provoked more extreme polarizing reactions
than any other in his oeuvre. The screenplay for
Munich was co-written by Eric Roth and Pulitzer
Prize-winning playwright Tony Kushner. The movie
is said to be an examination of the murder of
11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Munich Olympics
by the Black September organization, followed
by the event's aftermath in which Israel's intelligence
agency hunted down and killed the perpetrators.
The protagonist, Avner, is believed to be the
invention of Jonas' source, Yuval Aviv. Munich
received five Academy Awards nominations, including
Best Picture, Film Editing, Original Music Score
(by John Williams), Best Adapted Screenplay, and
Best Director for Spielberg. This is Spielberg's
sixth Best Director nomination. According to Jonas
and Aviv, the Israeli team suffered misgivings
about their assignment, three of the five team
members were killed, and the others were abandoned
or treated badly by Mossad. None of these claims
has been verified by other sources. Spielberg
also served as the executive producer of Memoirs
of a Geisha, an adaptation of the best-selling
novel by Arthur Golden, a film he was previously
attached to as director. He is also an executive
producer on the critically acclaimed 2005 TV miniseries
Into the West. A CGI kids-movie called Monster
House, which was co-executive produced with famed
filmmaker Robert Zemeckis, marking their first
collaboration together since 1990's Back to the
Future Part III.
Also in the works are an Abraham Lincoln bio-pic Abraham
Lincoln Project starring Liam Neeson as the 16th President
of the United States, and Indiana Jones 4. Both are
scheduled for release in 2008.
also served as co-executive producing the new Transformers
live action film with Brian Goldmer, an employee of
Hasbro. The film will be directed by Michael Bay and
written by Robert Orci and released in 2007. A 4th
Jurassic Park film is in development for him to produce
was announced in April 2006 that Spielberg will be
producing and appearing in a new reality
show competition called On the Lot, in which filmmakers
compete for a development deal at Dreamworks.
recently sold DreamWorks (excluding its animation
division) to Viacom, the parent company of Paramount
June 14, 2006 it was confirmed Spielberg had already
begun working on a space
travel movie titled Interstellar.
films often deal with several recurring themes. Most
of his films deal with ordinary characters searching
for or coming in contact with extraordinary beings
or finding themselves in extraordinary circumstances,
this is especially evident in Duel, Jaws, Close Encounters
of the Third Kind, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Empire
of the Sun, Hook, Jurassic Park, Saving Private Ryan,
Catch Me If You Can, War of the Worlds, Munich.
consistent theme in his family-friendly work is a
childlike, even naïve, sense of wonder and faith,
as attested by works such as Close Encounters of the
Third Kind, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Hook and A.I..
other theme is that of loss of innocence and coming-of-age.
In Empire of the Sun, Jim, a well-groomed and spoilt
English youth, loses his innocence as he suffers through
World War II Japan. Similarly in Catch Me If You Can
Frank naively and foolishly believes that he can reclaim
his shattered family if he accumulates enough money
to support them.
most persistent theme throughout his film is tension
between parent-child relationships. Parents (often
fathers) are reluctant, absent or ignorant. Peter
Banning in Hook starts off in the beginning of the
film as a reluctant married-to-his-work parent who
through the course of his film regains the respect
of his children. The notable absence of Elliott's
father in E.T., is the most famous example of this
theme. Even Oskar Schindler, from Schindler's List,
is reluctant to have a child with his wife. Munich
depicts Avner as man away from his wife and newborn
daughter. There are of course exceptions; Brody in
Jaws is a committed family man, while John Anderton
in Minority Report is a shattered man after the disappearance
of his son. This theme is arguably the most autobiographical
aspect of Spielberg's films, since Spielberg himself
was affected by his parents' divorce as a child.
aspect of Spielberg's films and possibly the one most
frequently criticized is that most of his films are
generally optimistic in nature. Critics often accuse
his films for being overly sentimental. There are
exceptions, his debut feature The Sugarland Express
has a downbeat ending where Ila Fae loses custody
of her daughter and most recently A.I. where David
never receives acceptance from his real mother.
21st century output from A.I. to Munich are considerably
bleaker in tone with respect to his earlier films.
In A.I., David is shunned and rejected by his family
and indeed most of the world at large and ultimately
never earns the love of his real mother. The crime-caper,
Catch Me If You Can, with a certain irony when Frank,
who continuously rebels against authority figures
throughout the film, becomes part of the very system
he fought against; while War of the Worlds was the
first time Spielberg attempted to show evil aliens.
Munich, his latest and most controversial film, is
also his most ambiguous, as in the end it's uncertain
whether the cycle of violence would ever truly end.
has produced a considerable number of films, including
early hits for Joe Dante and Robert Zemeckis He also
produced several hit cartoons (and a few flops), including
Tiny Toon Adventures, Animaniacs, Pinky and the Brain,
Toonsylvania and Freakazoid!. In 1987 he was awarded
The Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award for his work
as a creative producer up to that point.
was also, for a short time, the executive producer
of the long-running medical drama ER.
1989, he brought the concept of The Dig to LucasArts.
He contributed with the project from that time to
1995 when the game was released. He also collaborated
with software publishers Knowledge Adventure on the
multimedia game Steven Spielberg's
Director's Chair, which was released in 1996. Spielberg
appears, as himself, in the game to direct the player.
is one of the co-founders of DreamWorks Pictures (DreamWorks
SKG, with Jeffrey Katzenberg and David Geffen providing
the other letters in the company name), which has
released all of his movies since Amistad in 1997.
the critical and box office success of Schindler's
List in 1993, Spielberg founded and continues to finance
the Shoah Foundation, a non-profit organization with
the goal of providing an archive for the filmed testimony
of as many survivors of the Holocaust as possible,
so that their stories will not be lost in the future.
in 1993, Spielberg acted as executive producer
for the highly anticipated television series,
seaQuest DSV; a science fiction series set "in
the near future" starring Roy Scheider (who
Speilberg had directed in Jaws) and Jonathan Brandis
akin to Star
Trek: The Next Generation that aired on Sundays
at 8:00PM on NBC. While the first season was moderately
successful, the second season saw the departure
of many beloved characters from the first year
and was geared towards more heavy science fiction/fantasy
type stories. Speilberg's name no longer appeared
in the third season and the show was cancelled
after thirteen third season episodes.
one of his projects fell through, George Lucas let
him direct a few animatics for several sequences in
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.
and Dreamworks SKG are currently working with
Survivor creator Mark
Burnett on the upcoming television show On
The Lot, a Project Greenlight-esque reality show
documenting a contest to find the best talented,
undiscovered filmmakers in America. The winner
gets an office "on the lot", another
way of saying they get a $1 Million production
has been married to actress Kate Capshaw, whom he
met when he cast her in Indiana Jones and the Temple
of Doom, since October 12, 1991. He has eight children
four of them biological:
Spielberg (by actress Amy Irving, whom he married
on November 27, 1985)
Sasha, Sawyer and Destry (by Capshaw); two adopted
(Theo and Mikaela); and one stepdaughter (Jessica
Wife, Kate Capshaw, converted to Judaism.
Amy Irving received a US $100 million settlement from
Spielberg in their 1989 divorce when a judge controversially
vacated what had appeared to be an iron clad prenuptial
his work on the Survivors of the Shoah Visual History
Foundation since 1994, he was awarded with the Great
Cross of Merit with Star, the German version of the
Great Officer's Cross, in September 1998 for "a
very noticeable contribution to the issue of the Holocaust".
1999, Spielberg received an honorary degree from Brown
Feb 7th, 2000, Spielberg's doctor discovered an irregularity
on his kidney during a routine physical. It was later
found to be Renal cell carcinoma, a form of kidney
cancer. The kidney was later removed at Cedars Sinai
Medical Center in Los Angeles. At 53, Spielberg recovered
quickly and required no follow up treatment.
2001, he was given the honor of Knight Commander of
the Order of the British Empire (KBE) by Queen Elizabeth
II. However, he cannot use the title 'Sir' due to
not being a Commonwealth citizen.
Spielberg generally supports U.S. Democratic Party
candidates, he joined Jeffrey Katzenberg and Haim
Saban in endorsing the re-election of Hollywood friend
the Republican Governor of California, on August 7,
has several critics, including American artist and
actor Crispin Glover. In a 2005 essay titled What
Is It? Glover says that Spielberg has "wafted
his putrid stench upon our culture, a culture he helped
homogenize and propagandize." Among Glovers
accusations are that Spielberg purchased the Rosebud
sled used in Orson Welles 1941 film Citizen
Kane for $50,000 but refused to hire Welles to write
a screenplay in the later years of his life, that
he received money from the United States government
to promote his personal religious and cultural beliefs,
that his films do not take risks, that he exploited
tragedy for personal gain in the films Schindlers
List (although Spielberg was not paid for Schindler's
List) and Saving Private Ryan, and that he, as a co-owner
of DreamWorks, considered building a studio on the
few remaining wetlands in Southern California.
an interview in 2003 on the CBS television show 60
Minutes, actor Robert Duvall criticized Spielberg
for meeting with Cuban president Fidel Castro in 2002.
He said, "When he met with him, he should have
had the decency to look out into the graveyard and
seen all the people he killed." He then added,
"...I'll probably never get a job at DreamWorks
now, but I don't care!"
Biskind's Easy Riders, Raging Bulls portrays the early
Spielberg in a mostly unflattering light as a sycophantic
and reverential figure to the old Hollywood studio
system, lacking the artistic inclinations or intellectual
backgrounds of his contemporaries and unable to relate
to the youth culture of the 1960s and 1970s. One colleague
recalled that during the volatile 1968 Democratic
National Convention, Spielberg was far more interested
in mastering a tricky visual effects shot. Biskind
also illustrates Steven Spielburg's unusual experience
writing Jaws. Spielberg, usually mum on such third
party commentary, once confided that "Every word
in [Biskind's] book about me is false".[citation
films are often accused of leaning towards sentimentalism
at the expense of the theme of the film. An instance
often cited by science fiction fans is the ending
of A.I.: Artificial Intelligence which they believed
was too 'happy'. This being a collaboration with Stanley
Kubrick whose films such as Dr. Strangelove and A
Clockwork Orange are often tinged with pessimism drew
a heated debate as to whether or not Kubrick would
have liked it or not. Kubrick's long-time assistant
Jan Harlan and the film's original story writer Ian
Watson have said that the ending is exactly what Kubrick
intended. Critics such as anti-mainstream film theorist
Ray Carney also complain that Spielberg's films lack
depth and do not take risks.
New Wave giant Jean-Luc Godard famously and publicly
slammed Spielberg at the premier of his film In Praise
of Love. Godard, who has continuously complained about
the commercial nature of modern cinema held Spielberg
responsible for the lack of artistic merit in mainstream
cinema. Through his film, Godard accused Spielberg
of making a profit of tragedy while Schindler's wife
lived in poverty in Argentina.
Spielberg's defense, critic Roger Ebert once stated
that "If only people could look past his popularity
they would see how talented he really is." Some
of Spielberg's most famous fans include film legends
Ingmar Bergman, Werner Herzog and the late French
filmmaker François Truffaut.
unabashed support for Israel has also raised criticism.
In 2002, a rumor circulated that Spielberg was planning
a film about Palestinian suffering during the Israeli/Palestinian
feud. The director's spokesman, Marvin Levy, called
the report "an obvious, vicious hoax."
production of Spielberg's controversial film Munich,
which deals with the Israeli retaliation to the massacre
of the Israeli Olympic athletes during the 1972 Munich
Games, the filmmaker retained Arad Communications,
a crisis communications firm in Tel Aviv, in order
to deflect claims of bias.
Mediaman does not represent Steven Spielberg