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Zealand bars Mike Tyson as tour debacle looms - 3rd
New Zealand (AP) - In a reversal, New Zealand authorities
on Wednesday barred Mike Tyson from entering the country
whose indigenous Maori people Tyson says inspired
his facial tattoo.
a Downunder speaking tour for the former heavyweight
boxing champion was threatening to fall apart altogether
as Australian immigration authorities said they've
yet to decide whether to allow him into that country.
Tickets for appearances in New Zealand and five major
Australian cities in November are still being promoted
by a Sydney agency.
1992 rape conviction would normally prevent his entry
in New Zealand and could be grounds for denial in
Australia as well. He had been granted an exemption
for New Zealand before that visa was cancelled Wednesday,
days after the prime minister spoke out against the
was to speak at a November event in Auckland, the
"Day of the Champions," which is being promoted
by Sydney agency Markson Sparks!
Zealand's Associate Immigration Minister Kate Wilkinson
said she'd initially granted entry because a children's
health charity would get some of the proceeds from
Tyson's speech. She said in a statement her decision
was "a finely balanced call" but that the
charity that would have benefited, the Life Education
Trust, withdrew its support Tuesday.
that the trust is no longer supporting the event,
on balance, I have made the decision to cancel his
visa," Wilkinson wrote in her statement.
charity's chief executive, John O'Connell, however,
said the charity long ago decided not to accept any
money from the event due to its concerns over Tyson's
character, but that a volunteer trustee had mistakenly
sent a letter to immigration authorities supporting
a spokesman for Australia's Department of Immigration
and Citizenship said "I can tell you that a decision
is still pending" on Tyson's application for
an Australian visa.
criminal history could prevent him from obtaining
an Australian visa. Would-be visitors normally must
pass a character test. Those with a "substantial
criminal record" - which by the immigration department's
definition includes people who, like Tyson, have been
sentenced to more than a year in prison - would fail
the test. But the department can still use its discretion
to grant a visa.
Sparks! has been advertising tickets for Tyson's Australian
appearances at between 69 and 300 Australian dollars
($71 and $308).
promoter Max Markson said he'd been "hoping it
might be a smoother run with Mike Tyson" but
that he remained confident Australia would grant Tyson
a visa and that New Zealand would reverse its decision
when he found another suitable charity.
only be in the country for 20 hours, I don't think
he's a danger to anybody, and thousands of people
want to see him," Markson said of Tyson's planned
New Zealand leg.
said he's continuing to sell tickets to the planned
speeches in both countries and that buyers will get
a full refund if the shows are cancelled. He said
he had immigration lawyers in Australia, New Zealand
and the U.S. working on the case.
to the APNZ news agency this week from Las Vegas before
his New Zealand visa was cancelled, Tyson said his
tattoo was inspired by those worn by New Zealand's
indigenous Maori. In pre-European times, many Maori
wore elaborate facial tattoos as a sign of their status
in their tribe. Some Maori today who identify strongly
with their traditional culture get similar tattoos.
told the agency that, aside from their tattoos, he
knew little about the Maori people "so I'm looking
forward to come down there and see them."
Minister John Key spoke to media against the planned
visit this week, questioning the decision by immigration
authorities and saying he personally disapproved of
the visit given Tyson's conviction for such a serious
his visa was cancelled, Tyson told APNZ: "Fortunately,
I am coming to New Zealand and there's nothing they
can do about it and I'm so sorry, I'm sorry they feel
disappointed and I'm just living my life."
was sentenced to six years in prison for the 1991
rape of 18-year-old Desiree Washington in an Indianapolis
hotel room. He served three years before being released
Casino Dunedin Casino Skycity Auckland
Skycity Hamilton Skycity Queenstown
And New Zealand Gambling And Entertainment News, by
Greg Tingle - 9th January 2011
January continues to shape up as a huge news month
for both Australia and our Kiwi friends in New Zealand.
Media Man http://www.mediamanint.com
and Gambling911 with another non sheep like report
- often imitated, never duplicated, from the Pacific
to the Tasman, and all points in between...
Springs - Northern Territory - Clubs, Pubs, Pokie
Palaces, Lasseter's Hotel Casino Gets Tough On Violent
laws designed with the key objective of stop drunken
violence dead on Darwin's meet streets, namely Mitchell
Street, are being rolled out to Palmerston and Alice
Springs. Drunk bastards can by law be banned for 48
hours from the 3nominated areas and will be staring
down the loaded gun barrel of a $133 on-the-spot fine,
slam bam, thank you mam. There's been 9 bans issued
since the Darwin law was introduced on October 1 of
last year, Acting Chief Minister Delia Lawrie shared
and it was "important to give police the tool
to issue on-the-spot fines and bans. It's a preventative
measure to stop people who have too much alcohol in
their system from carrying on like lunatics."
In Palmerston, the ban precinct encompasses a 1km
radius around the central business district. Mayor
Robert MacLeod supports the ban. "The ones who
are causing trouble are the ones that have to watch
out," he said. Macleod denied the law would unfairly
target itinerants and ban them from parks within Palmerston.
"If we sit back and do nothing, it stays the
same way...as leaders of the community, you have to
make decisions. If we don't try something then why
are we here?" The Alice Springs precinct boundary
is Wills and Leichhardt Tce, the golf course, Lasseter's
Hotel Casino and Stephens Rd to Telegraph Tce. Mayor
Damien Ryan is hopeful the strong arm of the law will
shift troublemakers out of the town centre. "It's
everybody's right to have an evening out without being
hassled by others who cause grief," he said.
Banned people can enter the designated area to work
but not for recreation. The NT Government plans to
introduce 48-hour precinct bans in Katherine and Tennant
Creek. Yep, we breed in tough in the "top end"
of Australia, but mongrel bastards of the drunk variety
will not be tolerated thank you.
Lottery Syndicates; Australian Newsagents Thumps Up
On Sin D Catates!...
insider leaked across the www "We continue to
have good success with lottery syndicate sales, even
in our small temporary location. The small A5 mini-posters
which we have stuck on the pole holding the lottery
terminal screens works a treat for us. It is terrific
seeing a customer make a purchase and decide on a
syndicate ticket as well as the items they brought
to the sales counter. It costs nothing to make the
A5 poster. In a one hour stint last week I saw four
syndicate shares sold specifically because of this
promotional placement. We change the syndicates we
promote in this location regularly. Syndicates are
also promoted at our lottery entry table (workbench)
as well as in a display behind the counter."
Ed: apparently this is pretty big news in the world
of Australian newsagents who delight at selling lottery
tickets, so don't blame us is it doesn't turn you
Presley Impersonators Coming Up For King Title At
Milwaukee Casino; Australian Look And Act Alikes In
The Mix At Casino In Next Round...
Mania is running wild at America's Milwakee Casino,
and yep, Australians from down under at trying their
luck to be 'The King'. "Tribute to The King"
is the gig at Milwaukee's Potawatomi Bingo Casino.
You've got all sorts of Elvis want a bees. The Elvis
impersonation comp...always near Elvis Presley's birthdate
enjoys a cult-like following. 500 folks fill up the
seats for the first round of action. Elvis nuts arrive
early to snatch the prime seats of the house. After
4our days of competition in 2010, one of these great
pretenders...Matt Joyce of Arkansas...left with the
$25,001 grand prize, billed as the largest in the
world for this type of competition. Among the judges
were three of The Imperials, a group known for backing
up Elvis Presley on his albums and tours until 1971.
"I don't think enough realize what a wonderful
singer Elvis was," says Sherman, a friend of
Elvis' who joined The Imperials as lead vocalist after
their work with the music icon ended. The event began
as a look-alike contest nine years ago, then morphed
into much more. Now Elvis fans schedule a week of
vacation around the competition, says Rachel Buelow,
the theater's entertainment coordinator. Performance
videos are part of the contestant screening process.
Judges are told to notice and rate the appearance,
costume, vocals, choreography and "overall replication
of The King." Contestants supply their own background
music, props (only guitars and scarves are allowed)
and arrive ready to perform because of a lack of changing
rooms. Next week's "Tribute to The King"
contestants include Elvis impersonators from down
under in Australia and the United Kingdom. Preliminary
competitions start at noon Tuesday through Thursday
and 3 p.m. Tuesday through Friday. Admission is free,
but seats fill quickly. Tickets are $20 to $35 to
daily finals, which start at 7:30 p.m. Tuesday through
Thursday and include a show by Elvis impersonators
Ryan Pelton and Matt Joyce as Double Trouble. Tickets
to Friday's grand championship, as usual, sold out
soon after going on sale in late November.
Air Supply Soft Rock Legends To Perform At Casino
New Brunswick in Moncton...
soft-rock band Air Supply, best known and loved for
'80s ballads like 'All Out of Love' and 'Even the
Nights Are Better', will perform at Casino New Brunswick
in Moncton on Thursday, Feb. 17 at 8 p.m. Yeap, we
know, love songs in a casino, but at least they are
not hate songs! Tickets for the show have only just
recently gone on sale today at the casino box office
for $29.50, which is pretty good value to see an hear
living legends. Air Supply has been doing their things
since 1975, when Graham Russell and Russell Hitchcock
met while rehearsing for the musical Jesus Christ
Superstar in 'Sin City' Sydney, Australia. They started
out with one guitar and two voices, playing coffee
houses and local nightclubs, building up a reputation
for their harmonies and original songs. They got a
break with CBS Records and went on tour in Australia
and Canada with Rod Stewart. They signed with Arista
Records in 1980 and began a string of hits that pulled
on the heartstrings of listeners around the world.
Their rise to success coincided with the boom in music
videos through MTV and MuchMusic. Their biggest hits
included Lost in Love, All out of Love, Even The Nights
Are Better and Making Love Out of Nothing At All.
Air Supply was the first western group to tour the
orient - China, Taiwan and other countries that would
not allow pop music across their borders. They continue
to tour and record. The band has released a new album
called Mumbo Jumbo. Recorded at Graham Russell's home
studio in Utah and at the Odds On Records' studio
in Las Vegas with top session musicians and an orchestra,
Mumbo Jumbo was produced by Russell and engineered
by Sean O'Dwyer (Pink Floyd, Randy Newman and Blink-182).
"Because of our crazy touring schedule, Mumbo
Jumbo took three years to complete," Russell
says. "Hitchcock and I couldn't be happier with
the results. We had been releasing projects independently
for a long time. While sticking to our vow of never
making an album unless we are convinced it has numerous
potential hit singles, we also believe that we have
emerged with our best overall collection to date."
The band reckon the new album was welcome news to
millions of Airheads who were waiting for the duo's
latest work. Among them are Ozzy Osbourne (who has
attended their shows in disguise) and Al Pacino, who
recently was spotted hanging out in a dark booth in
the back of Orleans in Las Vegas, one of the duo's
regular venues. Hitchcock added, "We had 12 songs
recorded for the album, which to me seemed like plenty,
but Graham came to me with two more he wanted to record,
and I had an equally positive reaction to those. When
he said, OK, now we have everything we need, I knew
instinctively that we had a finished project. Writing
and recording new material is our lifeblood that keeps
us fresh and excited. In concert, we know we raise
eyebrows when we say we're going to start playing
new songs, but then we start and the audience realizes
how much love and care go into them. We've been around
nearly 40 years and are not only holding our own out
there but firmly believe, with albums like Mumbo Jumbo,
that our best days are still ahead of us." Air
Supply will perform at Casino New Brunswick on Thursday,
Feb. 17. Tickets for the show are $29.50 (plus tax
and applicable surcharge) and are available at the
Casino Gift Shop (located at 21 Casino Drive in Moncton,
exit #450 off the Trans-Canada Highway), by calling
1-866-9-GET-TIX/ 1-866- 943-8849. If the songs make
you feel lucky for the opposite sex, or whatever tickles
your fancy, you might want to have a flutter on casino
games also. But, remember, bet with you head, not
- New Pokies Policy Stops More Pokie Palaces In Regional
Phillip Council will reject any and all new applications
for gambling venues as part of its new gaming policy.
Could that be a form of discrimination many political
and gaming commentators are asking. The make on the
run policy is a knee jerk response to some folks who
are concerned about the number of venues in the area.
Insiders say many bible basher, good two shoe types
are behind it. The small but vocal minority, who like
to have a whinge and a wine about all matter of things.
If you're reading, you know who you are! There are
at least count 18 TABs and 384 electronic gaming machines,
operating from 10 licensed venues within the city.
Melbourne's Crown Casino also sits just outside Port
Phillips border. Mayor Rachel Powning said the
council wanted to introduce strategies to help those
at risk of problem gambling. "It comes under
part of the social justice area of council business,"
Cr Powning said. Local agencies are under stress
in the inner-city and it is the low to middle-income
earners for which gambling is a problem here. "Along
with gambling comes depression, social isolation,
mental health issues and substance abuse." Commission
for Gambling Regulation figures show $28.2 million
was put into gaming machines in Port Phillip in 2009/2010.
The move is expected to drive forward the expansion
of illegal home poker games, gambling dens, as well
as driving more punters onto the internet sites and
games and entertainment portals.
Pokie Education And Political Format Website Portal
In War With 'The Truth'...
how it goes punters...Owing entirely to mistakes made
by the Illawarra Mercury, the Truth About Pre-Commitment
Reform was not published as contracted. Since the
time that the ad should have run, I have been accused
of actions I did not take, hung up on, indirectly
threatened with legal action by ClubsNSW (again),
and withstood suggestions to alter the advertisement
that would destroy it's core message. Provided the
Mercury make good on the commercial directors email
that states: "We are good. I will book the ad
into next weeks Mercury for Jan 11, 12 and 13. The
attached copy is the one approved to run so please
not that we will not accept any variation to this
copy without it going through the same approval process."
Readers, for more on the story and to make your own
mind up, check out
Kaitaia, New Zealand; Land Of Sheep Sees 3 Lotto Wins
word is out - Kaitaia is lucky... or at least it just
was. 3 major prizes worth a cool combo of $654,456
grand were won in township in the span of past week.
A Lotto Strike first division ticket sold at Kaitaia
Pak'nSave won a local fella $529,456 in last Saturday's
draw, and on Wednesday, the local supermarket sold
a $100,000 Instant Kiwi ticket to another local. That
same night, a ticket sold at Kaitaia's Paper Plus
won the holder $25,000 in the Big Wednesday draw,
but that prize has yet to be claimed. The $529,456
Lotto Strike prize was claimed by a local man who
had made a last-minute addition to his grocery shopping.
Buying a Triple Dip was a spur-of-the-moment decision.
He checked his tickets online after the January 1
draw and thought it was "pretty cool" that
he had 3 of the right numbers. "I then checked
again and realised that I had all four of the right
Strike numbers, and thought, 'Oh no, that's me',"
said the man, who did not want to be named. "I'm
planning a party to celebrate. I also plan some sensible
investments with the money to make it last."
Kaitaia Pak'nSave owner Maurice Te Brake was delighted
that his store had helped put some much-needed money
into the local economy. "That's just awesome.
They [the two big winners] are local shoppers and
it's absolutely fantastic to know we've helped put
over $600,000 into the town," Te Brake said.
"I'm sure some of the money will get circulated
locally." A Media Man spokesperson said of the
new "This is great pr for the lotto industry.
It could have a few possible outcomes. More folks
will buy tickets at the shops or newsagents, or some
may hit lotto more on the internet, possibly both.
It brings some much welcome positive news to the Kiwi
lottery sector. Online casino jackpot games much also
experience a spike, as punters will be thinking to
go after the big one".
Zealand: Internal Affairs Loses Gambling Machine Battle,
Gambling Execs And Punters Celebrate; Machine Haters
VS Machine Lovers Kiwi Style...
land of sheep' Department of Internal Affairs has
lost a 3 year war to prevent passionate gamblers playing
gaming machines in the smoking area of a popular Wellington
tavern that acts are a pokie haven of sorts. Since
2007, the department has attempted to add a "special
condition" (discrimination?) to the Kilbirnie
Tavern's gambling licence that would stop people playing
the machines in areas where having a puff is permitted.
The department reckons smoking and playing pokies
encourages problem gambling. The Gambling Commission
has allowed an appeal by gaming machine operator Lion
Foundation against the condition Internal Affairs
wanted to impose. The Kilbirnie Tavern is one of lucky
7 pokie venues in New Zealand where gambling machines
are played in smoking areas. It is common for club
pokie players to enjoy a smoke while on the punt.
Online pokie players are less inclined to smoke according
to a Media Man spokesperson. Punters, 2 sins for the
price of one! Ok, were are just lightning things up
for you. If you get on the punt, please know the odds,
and most of all, have fun, with or without having
a puff on whatever weed takes your fancy.
Man and Gambling911
remind our readers to keep the following in mind:
the time to research and learn games before placing
Man http://www.mediamanint.com Casino News Media and
Gambling911.com are website portals. Not casinos as
such, however are recognised as world leading websites
that cover the sector and act as central points to
games, news, reviews and more.
er, punters, how did you like our report? How did
you see in the new year? Did you like the extra New
Zealand supplement? Tell us in the forum.
you have a bet, please bet with your head, not over
it, and for God's sake, have fun.
Tingle is a special contributor for Gambling911
is primarily a media, publicity and internet portal
development company. Gaming is just one of a dozen
Zealand Casinos New
Zealanders spend 165% more time on online gambling
websites than overall average - Hitwise
Zealand is a country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean
comprising two large islands (the North Island and
the South Island) and numerous smaller islands, most
notably Stewart Island and the Chatham Islands. In
Maori, New Zealand is also known as Aotearoa, which
is usually translated into English as the Land of
the Long White Cloud.
Realm of New Zealand also includes the Cook Islands
and Niue, which are self-governing, but in free association;
Tokelau; and the Ross Dependency (New Zealand's territorial
claim in Antarctica).
and Easter Island form what is known by anthropologists
as the Polynesian Triangle.
Zealand is notable for its geographic isolation, being
separated from Australia to the northwest by the Tasman
Sea, some 2000 kilometres (1250 miles) across. Its
closest neighbours to the north are New Caledonia,
population is mostly of European
descent, with the indigenous Maori being the largest
minority. Non-Maori Polynesian and Asian
people are also significant minorities, especially
in the cities.
II, as the Queen of New Zealand, is the Head of State
and is represented, in her absence, by a non-partisan
Governor-General; the Queen 'reigns but does not rule',
so she has no real political influence. Political
power is held by the democratically-elected Parliament
of New Zealand under the leadership of the Prime Minister
who is the Head of Government.
There is no known pre-contact Maori name for New Zealand,
although Maori referred to the North Island as Te
Ika-a-Maui (the fish of Maui) and the South Island
as Te Wai Pounamu (the waters of jade) or Te Waka-a-Maui
(the canoe of Maui). Until the early 20th Century,
the North Island was also referred to as Aotearoa,
(often glossed as 'long white cloud'); in modern Maori
usage this is the name for the whole country.
first European visitor to New Zealand, Dutch explorer
Abel Tasman, named the place he visited Staten Landt,
believing it to be part of the land Jacob Le Maire
had seen in 1616 off the coast of Chile. Staten Landt
appeared on Tasman's first maps of New Zealand, but
this was changed by Dutch cartographers to Nova Zeelandia,
after the Dutch province of Zeeland, some time after
Hendrik Brouwer proved the supposedly South
American land to be an island in 1643. The Latin
Nova Zeelandia became Nieuw Zeeland in Dutch. British
Cook subsequently called the archipelago New Zealand.
He unimaginatively named the main three islands North,
Middle and South, with the Middle Island being later
called the South Island, and the earlier South Island
becoming Stewart Island.
History of New Zealand
New Zealand is one of the most recently settled major
land masses. The first New Zealand settlers were Eastern
Polynesians who came to New Zealand, probably in a
series of migrations, between around 800 and 1300
AD. They found a country teeming with birdlife and
waters full of fish and other kai moana (seafood).
Like virtually every other people to arrive in a virgin
ecosystem, they drove larger forms of prey, such as
the moa, to extinction. Horticulture, mostly using
tropical plants such as kumara, taro, and gourds,
was of crucial importance. Systems were established
which used Polynesian spiritual concepts such as tapu
and rahui to conserve species hunted for food and
feathers. The population was divided into hapu (subtribes)
which would co-operate, compete and sometimes fight
with each other. As was usual in Polynesia, when resources
became more scarce, conflict increased and warfare
took place. A new and indigenous culture, which would
be known as Maori, had developed, although strongly
based on, and akin to the cultures of Eastern Polynesia.
At some point a group of Maori migrated to the Chatham
Islands where they developed their own distinct culture,
known as the Moriori.
Early contact and Maori response
The first Europeans to reach New Zealand were led
by Dutch explorer Abel Janszoon Tasman, in 1642. Several
of his crew were killed by Maori and no Europeans
were to return to New Zealand until British explorer
James Cook's voyage of 1762. Cook extensively explored
and mapped the islands. Following Cook, New Zealand
was visited by numerous European and North American
whaling, sealing and trading ships. The whalers and
sealers enthusiastically traded with Maori for timber,
food, artefacts, water and sex, giving in return European
food and goods, especially metal tools which the Maori
lacked. Maori agriculture and warfare were transformed
by the potato and the musket, although the resulting
Musket Wars died out once the tribal imbalance of
arms had been rectified. From the early 19th century,
Christian missionaries, mostly from Britain, began
to settle in New Zealand, eventually converting most
of the Maori population. The missionaries were concerned
at the lawless behaviour of other European visitors,
and lobbied the British government to take some kind
of control. From 1788 until the Treaty of Waitangi
the islands of New Zealand were formally part of New
Treaty of Waitangi
Treaty of Waitangi
Signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. After several ineffectual
attempts in the 1830s to control European visitors
and settlers without actually establishing British
law in New Zealand, the British government sent William
Hobson to New Zealand to claim sovereignty and negotiate
a treaty with Maori. The Treaty of Waitangi was signed
in the Bay of Islands on 6 February 1840. The drafting
was done hastily and inexpertly, leading to confusion
and disagreement which has lasted until the present
day. However the Treaty is generally acknowledged
as New Zealand's foundation as a nation, and is revered
by Maori as a guarantee of their rights.
Settlement and War
Gustavus von Tempsky is shot during the land wars.From
1840, European settlers streamed into New Zealand.
At first many Maori were enthusiastic about the 'Pakeha',
as they called them, and many iwi (tribes) became
wealthy by selling food and other supplies to the
new settlers. However, the settlers soon became resentful
that Maori continued to own so much land. As settler
numbers increased, Maori became more reluctant to
sell land for fear of losing it completely. Tensions
over this and the issue of who was ultimately in charge
of the country led to the New Zealand Land Wars of
the 1860s and 1870s. Although Maori were not decisively
defeated, several iwi had most of their land confiscated.
Many non-combatant and even 'friendly' iwi also lost
much land in subsequent decades thanks in part to
dubious land purchase agents and bureaucrats. The
wars took place in the North Island; the South Island,
with its low Maori population, was fairly peaceful
and experienced massive European (and some Chinese)
immigration as a result of gold discoveries in the
New Zealand was granted limited self-government in
the 1850s, and by the late 19th century was a fully
self governing country in most senses. In 1893 it
became the first nation in the world to give women
the vote; since Maori men had been able to vote since
1867, New Zealand can be said to have been the most
democratic country in the world at the time. In 1907,
New Zealand became an independent Dominion, and a
fully independent nation in 1931, although in practice
Britain had ceased to play any real role in the government
of New Zealand much earlier than this. As New Zealand
became more politically independent, it became more
dependent economically; in the 1890s refrigerated
shipping allowed New Zealand to base its entire economy
on the export of meat and dairy products to Britain.
War and Depression
New Zealand was an enthusiastic member of the British
Empire, fighting in the Boer War, World War One and
World War Two, and supporting Britain in the Suez
Crisis. The country was very much a part of the world
economy, and suffered as others did in the Great Depression
of the 1930s. The depression led to the election of
the first Labour government, which established a comprehensive
welfare state and a protectionist economy.
Post-war protest and change
New Zealand became wealthy following the end of World
War Two; it had one of the world's highest living
standards and no unemployment. However some social
problems were developing. Maori had begun to move
to the cities in search of work and excitement, and
this exposed and exacerbated issues of racism. A large
Maori protest movement would eventually form, demanding
an end to discrimination and Eurocentrism, and recognition
of Maori culture and the Treaty of Waitangi, which
had been generally ignored since 1840. Other groups
were also dissatisfied with life in New Zealand. As
in other countries, young people protested against
war and imperialism, New Zealand's military alliance
with the United States, environmental damage, and
the stifling conformity of society. In addition, by
the 1970s the economic system was no longer functioning,
partly because Britain's membership of the EEC damaged
its trade ties with New Zealand. There were high rates
of inflation, an overgrown bureaucracy, and limited
consumer choice. Most of these dissatisfactions found
voice in the fourth Labour government (19841990),
which abolished protectionism, enabled the Waitangi
Tribunal to investigate historic grievances, and refused
to let nuclear powered ships into New Zealand waters.
Subsequent governments have generally upheld these
changes; New Zealand in 2000 was a very different
place from New Zealand in 1980.
More information on politics and government of New
Zealand can be found at Politics of New Zealand, the
main article in the Politics and government of New
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II of New Zealand wearing
her New Zealand honours.
New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary
democracy. Under the New Zealand Royal Titles Act
(1953), Queen Elizabeth II is Queen of New Zealand
and is represented as head of state by the Governor-General,
currently Anand Satyanand.
Zealand is the only country in the world in which
all the highest offices in the land have been occupied
simultaneously by women: Queen Elizabeth II, Governor-General
Dame Silvia Cartwright, Prime Minister Helen Clark,
Speaker of the House of Representatives Margaret Wilson
and Chief Justice Dame Sian Elias were all in office
between March 2005 and August 2006.
New Zealand Parliament has only one chamber, the House
of Representatives, which usually seats 120 Members
of Parliament. Parliamentary general elections are
held every three years under a form of proportional
representation called Mixed Member Proportional. The
2005 General Election created an 'overhang' of one
extra seat, occupied by the Maori Party, due to that
party winning more seats in electorates than the number
of seats its proportion of the party vote would have
Parliament Buildings.There is no written constitution:
the Constitution Act 1986 is the principal formal
statement of New Zealand's constitutional structure.
The Governor-General has the power to appoint and
dismiss Prime Ministers and to dissolve Parliament.
The Governor-General also chairs the Executive Council,
which is a formal committee consisting of all ministers
of the Crown. Members of the Executive Council are
required to be Members of Parliament, and most are
also in Cabinet. Cabinet is the most senior policy-making
body and is led by the Prime Minister, who is also,
by convention, the Parliamentary leader of the governing
party or coalition.
current Prime Minister is Helen Clark, leader of the
Labour Party. She is serving her third term as Prime
Minister. On 17 October 2005 she announced that she
had come to a complex arrangement that guaranteed
the support of enough parties for her Labour-led coalition
to govern. The formal coalition consists of the Labour
Party and Jim Anderton, the Progressive Party's only
MP. In addition to the parties in formal coalition,
New Zealand First and United Future provide confidence
and supply in return for their leaders being ministers
outside cabinet. A further arrangement has been made
with the Green Party, which has given a commitment
not to vote against the government on confidence and
supply. This commitment assures the government of
a majority of seven MPs on confidence.
Leader of the Opposition, is National Party leader
John Key. The ACT party and the Maori Party are both
also in opposition. The Greens, New Zealand First
and United Future all vote against the government
on some legislation.
Party (50 seats)
National Party (48 seats)
Minor political parties (in Parliament):
New Zealand (2 seats)
Green Party (6 seats)
New Zealand Progressive Party (Jim Anderton) (1 seat)
Maori Party (4 seats)
New Zealand First (7 seats)
United Future (3 seats)
The highest court in New Zealand is the Supreme Court
of New Zealand, which was established in 2004 following
the passage of the Supreme Court Act 2003. The Act
abolished the option to appeal Court of Appeal rulings
to the Privy Council in London. The current Chief
Justice is Dame Sian Elias. New Zealand's judiciary
also includes the High Court, which deals with serious
criminal offences and civil matters, and the Court
of Appeal, and subordinate courts.
Foreign relations and the military
Foreign relations of New Zealand, Military of New
Zealand, and Military history of New Zealand
New Zealand maintains a strong profile on environmental
protection, human rights and free trade, particularly
Zealand is a member of the following geo-political
organisations: APEC, East Asia Summit, Commonwealth
of Nations, OECD and the United Nations. It has signed
up to a number of free trade agreements, of which
the most important is Closer Economic Relations with
its first hundred years, New Zealand followed the
United Kingdom's lead on foreign policy. In declaring
war on Germany on 3 September 1939, Prime Minister
Michael Savage proclaimed "Where she goes, we
go; where she stands, we stand". Since the war,
however, the United States has exerted more influence
than the UK.
Zealand has traditionally worked closely with Australia,
whose foreign policy followed a similar historical
trend. In turn, many Pacific Islands such as Western
Samoa have looked to New Zealand's lead. The American
influence on New Zealand was weakened by the disappointment
with the Vietnam War, the sinking of the Rainbow Warrior
by France, and by disagreements over environmental
and agricultural trade issues and New Zealand's nuclear-free
Zealand is a party to the ANZUS security treaty between
Australia, New Zealand and the United States. In February
1985, New Zealand refused nuclear-powered or nuclear-armed
ships access to its ports. In 1986, the United States
announced that it was suspending its treaty security
obligations to New Zealand pending the restoration
of port access. The New Zealand Nuclear Free Zone,
Disarmament, and Arms Control Act 1987 prohibits the
stationing of nuclear weapons on the territory of
New Zealand and the entry into New Zealand waters
of nuclear armed or propelled ships. This legislation
remains a source of contention and the basis for the
United States' continued suspension of treaty obligations
to New Zealand.
addition to the various wars between iwi, and between
the British settlers and iwi, New Zealand has fought
in the Second Boer War, World War I, World War II,
the Korean War, the Malayan Emergency (and committed
troops, fighters and bombers to the subsequent confrontation
with Indonesia), the Vietnam War, the Gulf War and
the Afghanistan War, and sent a unit of army engineers
to help rebuild Iraqi infrastructure for one year
during the Iraq War.
New Zealand military has three branches: the New Zealand
Army, the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Royal New
Zealand Air Force. New Zealand considers its own national
defence needs to be modest; it dismantled its air
combat capability in 2001. New Zealand has contributed
forces to recent regional and global peacekeeping
missions, including those in Cyprus, Somalia, Bosnia
and Herzegovina, the Sinai, Angola, Cambodia, the
Iran/Iraq border, Bougainville and East Timor.
Local government and external territories
Major cities and towns in New Zealand.Main articles:
Realm of New Zealand, Regions of New Zealand, and
Territorial authorities of New Zealand
The early European settlers divided New Zealand into
provinces. These were abolished in 1876 so that government
could be centralised, for financial reasons. As a
result, New Zealand has no separately represented
subnational entities such as provinces, states or
territories, apart from its local government. The
spirit of the provinces however still lives on, and
there is fierce rivalry exhibited in sporting and
cultural events. Since 1876, local government has
administered the various regions of New Zealand. In
1989, the government completely reorganised local
government, implementing the current two-tier structure
of regional councils and territorial authorities.
New Zealand has twelve regional councils for the administration
of environmental and transport matters and seventy-four
territorial authorities that administer roading, sewerage,
building consents, and other local matters. The territorial
authorities are sixteen city councils, fifty-seven
district councils, and the Chatham Islands County
Council. Four of the territorial councils (one city
and three districts) and the Chatham Islands County
Council also perform the functions of a regional council
and thus are known as unitary authorities. Territorial
authority districts are not subdivisions of regional
council districts, and a few of them straddle regional
regions are (asterisks denote unitary authorities):
Northland, Auckland, Waikato, Bay of Plenty, Gisborne*,
Hawke's Bay, Taranaki, Manawatu-Wanganui, Wellington,
Marlborough*, Nelson*, Tasman*, West Coast, Canterbury,
Otago, Southland, Chatham Islands*.
a major South Pacific nation, New Zealand has a close
working relationship with many Pacific Island nations,
and continues a political association with the Cook
Islands, Niue, and Tokelau. New Zealand operates Scott
Base in its Antarctic territory, the Ross Dependency.
Other countries also use Christchurch to support their
Antarctic bases and the city is sometimes known as
the "Gateway to Antarctica".
A satellite image of New Zealand. Lake Taupo and Mount
Ruapehu are visible in the centre of the North Island.
The Southern Alps and the rain shadow they create
are clearly visible in the South Island.Main article:
Geography of New Zealand
New Zealand comprises two main islands (called the
North and South Islands in English, Te-Ika-a-Maui
and Te Wai Pounamu in Maori) and a number of smaller
islands, located near the center of the water hemisphere.
The total land area, 268,680 square kilometres (103,738
sq mi), is a little less than that of Italy and Japan,
and a little more than the United Kingdom. The country
extends more than 1600 kilometres (1000 miles) along
its main, north-north-east axis, with approximately
15,134 km of coastline. The most significant of the
smaller inhabited islands include Stewart Island/Rakiura;
Waiheke Island, in Auckland's Hauraki Gulf; Great
Barrier Island, east of the Hauraki Gulf; and the
Chatham Islands, named Rekohu by Moriori. The country
has extensive marine resources, with the seventh-largest
Exclusive Economic Zone in the world, covering over
four million square kilometres (1.5 million sq mi),
more than 15 times its land area.
South Island is the largest land mass, and is divided
along its length by the Southern Alps, the highest
peak of which is Aoraki/Mount Cook at 3754 metres
(12,316 ft). There are eighteen peaks over 3000 metres
(9800 ft) in the South Island. The North Island is
less mountainous than the South, but is marked by
volcanism. The tallest North Island mountain, Mount
Ruapehu (2797 m / 9176 ft), is an active cone volcano.
The dramatic and varied landscape of New Zealand has
made it a popular location for the production of television
programmes and films, including the Lord of the Rings
trilogy, and the Last Samurai.
Cook is the tallest mountain in New Zealand.The climate
throughout the country is mild, mostly cool temperate
to warm temperate, with temperatures rarely falling
below 0°C (32°F) or rising above 30°C
(86°F). Conditions vary from wet and cold on the
West Coast of the South Island to dry and continental
in the Mackenzie Basin of inland Canterbury and almost
subtropical in Northland. Of the main cities, Christchurch
is the driest, receiving only some 640 mm (25 in)
of rain per year. Auckland, the wettest, receives
almost twice that amount.
Zealand is part of Zealandia, a continent that is
93% submerged. Zealandia is almost half the size of
Australia and is unusually long and narrow. About
25 million years ago, a shift in plate tectonic movements
began to pull Zealandia apart forcefully. The submerged
parts of Zealandia are the Lord Howe Rise, Challenger
Plateau, Campbell Plateau, Norfolk Ridge and the Chatham
a hill in the Hawke's Bay region of the North Island,
is credited by The Guinness Book of World Records
with having the longest place name in the world.
Flora and fauna
New Zealand animals, New Zealand plants, Biodiversity
of New Zealand, and List of extinct New Zealand animals
Crowns of two kauri treesBecause of its long isolation
from the rest of the world and its island biogeography,
New Zealand has extraordinary flora and fauna. About
80% of the New Zealand flora occurs only in New Zealand,
including more than 40 endemic genera. The two
main types of forest are those dominated by podocarps
including the giant kauri, and in cooler climates
the southern beech. The remaining vegetation types
in New Zealand are grasslands of tussock and other
grasses, usually in sub-alpine areas, and the low
shrublands between grasslands and forests.
the arrival of humans, 80% of the land was forested.
Until 2006, it was thought, barring three species
of bat (one now extinct), there were no non-marine
native mammals. However, in 2006, scientists discovered
bones that belonged to a long-extinct, unique, mouse-sized
land animal in the Otago region of the South Island.
New Zealand's forests were inhabited by a diverse
range of birds including the flightless moa (now extinct),
and the kiwi, kakapo, and takahe, all endangered by
human actions. Unique birds capable of flight include
the Haast's eagle, which was the world's largest bird
of prey (now extinct), and the large kaka and kea
parrots. Reptiles present in New Zealand include skinks,
geckos and tuatara. There are four endemic species
of primitive frogs. There are no snakes and there
is only one venomous spider, the katipo, which is
rare and restricted to coastal regions. However, there
are many endemic species of insects, including the
weta, one species of which may grow as large as a
house mouse and is the heaviest insect in the world.
Zealand has led the world in clearing offshore islands
of introduced mammalian pests and reintroducing rare
native species to ensure their survival. A more recent
development is the mainland ecological island.
Auckland, the economic capital of the country, with
the Sky Tower in the background.Main article: Economy
of New Zealand
New Zealand has a modern, prosperous, developed economy
with an estimated GDP of $101.685 billion (2005).
country has a high standard of living with GDP per
capita estimated at $26,400 (comparative figures are
Australia $31,900 and United States $41,800). The
standard of living has also been measured in other
forms, including being ranked 20th on the 2006 Human
Development Index and 15th in The Economist's 2005
world-wide quality-of-life index.
tertiary sector is the largest sector in the economy
and constitutes 67.6% of GDP, followed by the secondary
sector on 27.8% and the primary sector on 4.7% (2005
Zealand is a country heavily dependent on trade, particularly
in agricultural products, as almost 20% of the country's
output is exported (by comparison
it is 21% for the United Kingdom, 49% for Finland
and 83% for Belgium). This leaves
New Zealand particularly vulnerable to slumps in commodity
prices and global economic slowdowns. Its principal
export industries are agriculture, horticulture, fishing
and forestry making up about half of the country's
exports. Its major export partners are Australia 22.4%,
US 11.3%, Japan 11.2%, China 9.7%, Germany 5.2% (2004)[citation
needed]. This is a dramatic change from 1965, when
the United Kingdom received over half of New Zealands
New Zealand enjoyed a high standard of living with
stable commodity exports, based not least on a strong
relationship with the United Kingdom. In 1973, the
United Kingdom joined the European Community and began
to adhere to its trade policy and at the same time
other factors such as the oil crises undermined the
viability of the New Zealand economy. This lead to
a protracted and very severe economic crisis, during
which living standards in New Zealand fell behind
those of Australia and Western Europe.
1984, successive governments have engaged in major
macroeconomic restructuring, transforming New Zealand
from a highly protectionist and regulated economy
to a liberalised free-trade economy. Pursuant to this
policy, during the late 1980s and early 1990s the
New Zealand Government sold a number of former government-owned
enterprises including its telecommunications company,
railway network, a number of radio stations, and two
financial institutions. However, the government continues
to own a number of significant businesses, collectively
known as State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs). These SOEs
are operated through arms-length shareholding arrangements
and are required to operate profitably, just like
current government's economic objectives are centred
on pursuing free-trade agreements and building a "knowledge
economy". In 2004, the government began discussing
a free trade agreement with the People's Republic
of China, one of the first countries to do so.
recent years, New Zealand has been perceived as a
vigorous economy and attracted international attention.
After the economic restructuring of the 1980s, the
New Zealand economy sank into a recession starting
with the sharemarket crash in October 1987. The recession
deepened in the early 1990s when unemployment topped
10%. However in 1993 the economy rebounded smartly
and apart from a smaller recession in the late 1990s,
New Zealand enjoyed a substantial economic boom up
until 2005. New Zealands unemployment rate is
now the second lowest of the twenty-seven OECD nations
with comparable data.
economic challenges for New Zealand include a current
account deficit of 9% of GDP, a net export of educated
youth, slow development of non-commodity exports and
tepid growth of labour productivity.
Demographics of New Zealand
New Zealand has a population of about 4.1 million,
of which approximately 80% are of European descent.
New Zealanders of European descent are collectively
known as Pakeha; this term is used variously and some
Maori use it to refer to all non-Maori New Zealanders.
Most European New Zealanders are of British and Irish
ancestry with smaller percentages of Dutch, South
Slav, and/or Italian ancestry.
Maori people are the largest non-European ethnic group
(the percentage of the population of full or part-Maori
ancestry is 14.7%; those who checked Maori only are
7.9%). Between the 1996 and 2001 census, the number
of people of Asian origin (6.6%) overtook the number
of people of Pacific Island origin (6.5%) (note that
the census allowed multiple ethnic affiliations).
New Zealand has relatively open immigration policies;
its government is committed to increasing its population
by about 1% annually. Twenty percent of the population
was born overseas, one of the highest anywhere in
the world. At present, immigrants from the United
Kingdom constitute the largest single group (30%)
but immigrants are drawn from many nations, and increasingly
from East Asia (Chinese, Japanese and Korean are the
most numerous of this group, but includes Southeast
Asian and Indian peoples).
to the 2001 census, Christianity is the predominant
religion (60% identification). Around 30% identified
that they were 'non-religious', and 6% objected to
answering, leaving only 4% for other religions. The
main Christian denominations are Anglicanism, Roman
Catholicism, Presbyterianism and Methodism. There
are also significant numbers who identify themselves
with Pentecostal and Baptist churches and with the
LDS (Mormon) church. The New Zealand-based Ratana
church has many adherents among Maori. According to
census figures, other significant minority religions
include Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Judaism. Religion
does not play a major role in New Zealand public life.
Overtly Christian-based political parties such as
Christian Heritage and Destiny have been unsuccessful,
and the religion (or lack of religion) of political
leaders - while generally known - is considered by
most to be a private matter. Although faith-based
lobby groups exist, political parties are more likely
to be harmed than helped by their support.
Main article: Culture of New Zealand
Twilight bagpipe band practice, Napier.Contemporary
New Zealand has a diverse culture with influences
from English, Scottish, Irish, and Maori cultures,
along with those of other European cultures and
more recently Polynesian cultures other than
that of the Maori (including Samoan, Tongan, Tokelaun
Niuean, Cook Islands Maori, Tahitian, and Hawaiian);
also southern Asian (Indian), Southeast Asian (Filipino,
Malaysian, Cambodian, and Vietnamese), and east Asian
(Chinese, Korean, and Japanese) cultures. Large festivals
in celebration of Diwali and Chinese New Year are
held in Auckland, as is the world's largest Polynesian
festival, Pasifika. Although primary migration was
from England there were also many people from Scotland
amongst the early British settlers and elements of
their culture persist; New Zealand is said to have
more pipebands than Scotland. Cultural links between
New Zealand and the United Kingdom are maintained
by a common language, sustained migration from the
United Kingdom and the fact that many young New Zealanders
spend time in the United Kingdom on their "overseas
Late twentieth-century house-post depicting the navigator
Kupe fighting two sea creatures.
Maori culture and language
Maori culture and Te Reo Maori
Maori culture has undergone considerable change since
the arrival of Europeans; for example Christianity
has been widely adopted, and most Maori now live similar
lifestyles to their Pakeha neighbours. However many
traditional aspects of Maori culture are alive and
well. Marae continue to play an important role, and
the Maori arts of kapa haka (song and dance), carving
and weaving are practiced. Some traditional cultural
forms have changed since colonisation, for example
carving is commonly done with metal tools rather than
the pounamu (jade) adzes used in pre-European times.
On special occasions food is still cooked in traditional
hangi (earth ovens), and will typically include both
pre-European foods such as kumara (sweet potato) and
foods introduced by Europeans such as pork and potatoes.
Like all living cultures, Maori culture is not static
but changes and adapts.
of the Maori language (Te Reo Maori) as a living,
community language remained only in a few remote areas
in the post-war years, but is currently undergoing
a renaissance, thanks in part to Maori language immersion
schools and a Maori Television channel set up after
recommendations were made by the Waitangi Tribunal.
Maori Television is the only nationwide television
channel to have the majority of its prime-time content
delivered in Maori (sometimes with sub-titles in English).
Maori Television is also the only television channel
that tries to generate new content in Maori and subtitles
English programmes in Maori. None of the other television
channels present a substantial number of Maori programmes,
or subtitle English language programmes in Maori,
despite the fact that it is an official language equal
Main article: Cinema of New Zealand
Although films have been made in New Zealand since
the 1920s, it was only from the 1970s that they began
to be produced in significant numbers. Films such
as Sleeping Dogs and Goodbye Pork Pie achieved local
success and lauched the careers of actors and directors
including Sam Neill, Geoff Murphy and Roger Donaldson.
In the early 1990s, New Zealand film began to attract
international acclaim, for example Jane Campion's
Academy Award-winning film The Piano, Lee Tamahori's
Once Were Warriors and Peter Jackson's Heavenly Creatures.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s, Jackson filmed
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy in New Zealand,
using a mostly New Zealand crew and many New Zealand
actors in minor parts. Many non-New Zealand productions,
primarily from Hollywood but also Bollywood (India),
have been made in New Zealand. Film industry insiders
are divided on whether this benefits or harms the
New Zealand film industry; however some New Zealand
actors, such as Lucy Lawless (Xena) have benefitted
from these overseas productions.
Music of New Zealand
New Zealand musicians have adopted the same genres
as exist in other Western countries, and some, including
the Finn Brothers, Scribe, and The Datsuns, have had
some international success. There is a thriving hip-hop
culture which includes pioneering Samoan language
rappers such as King Kapisi and Tha Feelstyle. A number
of artists have released songs and albums in Te Reo
Maori, and one of these songs, Poi E was a no. 1 hit
in the 1980s.
Sport in New Zealand
Sport has a major role in New Zealand's culture; this
is particularly the case with rugby union. Other popular
sports including, cricket, netball, lawn bowling,
soccer (perhaps surprisingly, the most popular football
code in terms of participation in New Zealand) and
rugby league. Also popular are golf, tennis, cycling,
field hockey, softball (current Men's International
Softball Federation World Champions, 1996, 2000, 2004)
and a variety of water sports, particularly surfing,
sailing, whitewater kayaking, surf lifesaving skills
and rowing. In the latter, New Zealand enjoyed an
extraordinary magic 45 minutes when winning four successive
gold medals at the 2005 world championships. Snow
sports such as skiing and snowboarding are also popular.
Equestrian sportsmen and sportswomen make their mark
in the world, with Mark Todd being chosen international
"Horseman of the Century", and many juniors
at pony club level.
The country is internationally recognised for performing
well on a medals-to-population ratio at Olympic Games
and Commonwealth Games. See, for example, New Zealand
Olympic medallists and New Zealand at the 2004 Summer
Main article: Rugby union in New Zealand
Rugby union is closely linked to New Zealand's national
identity. The national rugby team, the All Blacks,
has the best winning record of any national team.
They hosted and won the inaugural Rugby World Cup
in 1987, and will host the 2011 Rugby World Cup. The
haka, a traditional Maori challenge, is traditionally
performed by the All Blacks before the start of international
matches. See Haka of the All Blacks.
Mountaineering is popular in New Zealand thanks in
part to the country's rugged terrain; Aoraki/Mount
Cook in the South Island is a popular peak for both
New Zealand and international climbers. New Zealand's
most famous mountaineer is Sir Edmund Hillary, who
was the first person to reach the top of Mount Everest.
The sport's many New Zealand devotees include current
Prime Minister Helen Clark.
Yachting and the America's Cup
New Zealand is one of the leading nations in world
yachting, especially open-water long-distance or round-the-world
races. Round-the-world yachtsman Sir Peter Blake was
a national hero. In inshore yachting, Auckland hosted
the last two America's Cup regattas (2000 and 2003).
In 2000, Team New Zealand successfully defended the
trophy they had won in 1995 in San Diego, which made
them the only team outside the United States to successfully
defend a challenge, but in 2003 they lost to a team
headed by Ernesto Bertarelli of Switzerland, whose
Alinghi syndicate was skippered by Russell Coutts,
the former skipper of Team New Zealand.
New Zealand will compete for the America's Cup at
the next regatta, in Valencia in 2007. The team manager
is Grant Dalton.
Main article: Holidays in New Zealand
There are two types of public holidays in New Zealand:
Holidays, which are legislated by law;
Provincial Anniversary Days, which commemorate the
founding of the province or an early settlement event.
Under current legislation, workers who work on a public
holiday must be given equivalent time off on another
day, and be paid time-and-a-half.
Political and economic rankings
New Zealand is one of the least corrupt countries,
according to Transparency International.Political
freedom ratings - Free; political rights and civil
liberties both rated 1 (the highest score available)
Press freedom - 19th freest, at 5.00
GDP per capita - 27th highest, at I$24,769
Human Development Index - 20th highest, at 0.933
Income Equality - 54th most equal, at 36.2 (Gini Index)
Literacy Rate - Equal first, at 99.9%
Unemployment rate - 22nd lowest, at 3.40%
Corruption - 1st equal least corrupt, at 9.6 on index
Economic Freedom - 9th equal freest, at 1.84 on index
Fertility rate- 140th most fertile, at 1.79 per woman
Birth rate - 140th most births, at 13.90 per 1000
Infant mortality - 192nd most deaths, at 5.85 per
1000 live births
Death rate - 115th highest death rate, at 7.52 per
Life Expectancy - 22nd highest, at 78.81 years
Suicide Rate - 35th highest suicide rate, at 19.8
for males and 4.2 for females
HIV/AIDS rate - 149th most cases, at 0.10% (Credit:
Zealand Government Portal
Zealand performing artists
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