History of Coffee
First known discovery of coffee berries. Legend of
goat herder Kaldi of Ethiopia who notices goats are
friskier after eating red berries of a local shrub.
Experiments with the berries himself and begins to
The coffee first trees are cultivated on the Arabian
peninsula. Coffee is first roasted and boiled by Arabs
making "qahwa" --- a beverage made from
The worlds first coffee shop opens in Constantinople.
It is followed by the establishment of two coffee
houses in 1554.
Coffee enters Europe through the port of Venice. The
first coffeehouse opens in Italy in 1654.
Coffee is introduced to the New World by Captain John
Smith, founder of Virginia at Jamestown... Some Canadian
historians claim it arrived in previously settled
The first coffeehouse opens in England. Coffeehouses
are called "penny universities" (a penny
is charged for admission and a cup of coffee). Edward
Lloyd's coffeehouse opens in 1688. It eventually becomes
Lloyd's of London, the world's best known insurance
company. The word TIPS is coined in an
English coffee house: A sign reading To Insure
Prompt Service (TIPS) was place by a cup. Those
desiring prompt service and better seating threw a
coin into a tin.
The opening of the first Parisian cafe dedicated to
serving coffee. In 1713, King Louis XIV is presented
with a coffee tree. It is believed that sugar was
first used as an additive in his court.
The first coffeehouse opens in Vienna. The Turks,
defeated in battle, leave sacks of coffee behind.
The Dutch become the first to transport and cultivate
coffee commercially. Coffee is smuggled out of the
Arab port of Mocha and transported to Ceylon and East
Indies for cultivation.
The first coffeehouse opens in Berlin.
Coffee Plants are introduced in the Americas for cultivation.
Gabriel de Clieu, a French naval officer, transports
a seedling to Martinique. By 1777, 1920 million coffee
plants are cultivated on the island.
The Brazilian coffee industry gets its start from
seedlings smuggled out of Paris.
One of Europe's first coffeehouses, Cafe Greco, opens
in Rome. By 1763, Venice has over 2,000 coffee shops.
The prototype of the first espresso machine is created
A process of using natural gas and hot air becomes
the most popular method of roasting coffee.
Kaffeeklatsch, afternoon coffee, becomes popular in
The first commercial espresso machine is manufactured
The invention of the worlds first drip coffeemaker.
Melitta Bentz makes a filter using blotting paper.
Dr. Ernest Illy develops the first automatic espresso
Nescafé instant coffee is invented by the Nestlé
company as it assists the Brazilian government in
solving its coffee surplus problem.
Achilles Gaggia perfects the espresso machine with
a piston that creates a high pressure extraction to
produce a thick layer of crema.
Caffè Carissimi Canada, a network of espresso
service providers is formed in Canada, modeled after
a visit to Franco Carissimi (roaster and equipment
manufacturer) in Bergamo Italy. It becomes the fastest
growing network of private and independant super automatic
machines providers in Canada.
Coffee is the worlds most popular beverage. More
than 400 billion cups are consumed each year.
It is a world commodity that is second only to