State of Hawaii is an archipelagic state of the
United States located in the central Pacific Ocean,
south of Alaska, southwest of the continental
United States, and north of Tahiti. From a physiographic
and ethnographic perspective, this archipelago
is frequently reckoned as part of the Polynesian
subregion of Oceania.
state encompasses nearly the entirety of the volcanic
Hawaiian Island chain, which is made up of hundreds
of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km).
Of these, the eight largest islands are considered
the "main islands" and are located at
the southeastern end of the archipelago. In order
from the northwest to southeast, they are Niihau
(Ni?ihau), Kauai (Kaua?i), Oahu (O?ahu), Molokai
(Moloka?i), Lanai (Lana?i), Kahoolawe (Kaho?olawe),
Maui, and Hawaii (Hawai?i). The last is by far
the largest, and is often called the "Big
Island" or "Big Isle" to avoid
confusion with the state.
state was admitted to the Union on August 21,
1959, making it the 50th state. Its capital is
located in its major city, Honolulu on the island
of Oahu. The most recent census puts the state's
population at 1,211,537.
residents of Hawaii use the Hawaiian glottal stop
in their English. (Credit:
"The Dragon" Steamboat