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Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (pronounced [gahnawâ?ge]
in Mohawk, Kahnawá?kye in Tuscarora) is
an Indian reserve on the south shore of the St.
Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, across from
Montreal. It has also been known as Fort St. Louis,
Caughnawaga and 17 other European variations of
Kahnawake. The only clue to the location of Indian
Reserve # 14 on 1960s government maps of southern
Quebec is its blank cartography. Kahnawake is
natural territory totalling an area of 48.05 square
kilometres. Its resident population numbers about
8,000 with a significant number off the territory.
Its land base today is unevenly distributed due
to archaic federal Indian Act law that oversees
individual land possession unlike the Canadian
norms that apply to the land around it. Kahnawake
has used the English language keeping its Mohawk
language intact while maintaining a life surrounded
by 2 million French-speaking Quebecers. Culture
and language have long memories and deep roots
for both Mohawk and French-speaking Quebecers.
Although most individuals refer to residents of
Kahnawake as "Mohawks," they call themselves
Kanien’kehá:ka (the "People
of the Flint"). Mohawk, which means "eaters
of flesh" or "man-eaters" in the
Algonquian languages, was popularized in the European
languages by the Dutch, who first met them in
the 17th Century.
federal and Quebec governments have historically
located large civil engineering projects benefiting
the southern Quebec economy through Kahnawake
lands. Criss-crossed by power lines from hydroelectric
plants, rail and vehicle highways and bridges,
the decision to pass the Saint Lawrence Seaway
canal cut through its village permanently separated
it from its natural river shore.
One of the first of these projects was the fledgling
Canadian Pacific Railway's Saint Lawrence Bridge.
The masonry work was done by Reid & Fleming,
and the steel superstructure was built by the
Dominion Bridge Company. In 1886 and 1887, the
new bridge was built across the broad river from
Kahnawake to Montreal Island, and gave Kahnawake
working men an opportunity to perform as fearless
bridgemen and ironworkers. This was the result
of a perception by construction companies that
the Mohawk men had no fear of heights when given
the chance to climb hundreds of feet above the
water and ground. Here started the legendary stereotype
that has now labelled all Native Americans as
having no fear of heights.
is ideally located at the narrowing southwest
shore of the St. Lawrence River. The territory
is described in its native language as "on,
or by the rapids" (of the Saint Lawrence
River), giving points of reference to its original
depth and claim along the original natural rapids
of the old and different river. The modern day
location of Kahnawake did serve for a while the
interests of the French colony in North America
by forming a western defence for Ville-Marie (later
Montreal), making the military garrison and its
Jesuit mission both its early warning sentinel
and religious launch site for canoes taking priests
in a western direction. Jesuit records write a
settlement date of 1719, while Mohawk oral tradition
extends much further into the past claiming a
Mohawk settlement date some 10,000 years earlier.
Kahnawake Gaming Commission offers gambling licenses
to Internet-based poker, casino, and sportsbook
sites and has established Kahnawake as a substantial
player in that business. Many sites are hosted
and managed by Mohawk Internet Technologies (MIT),
a local data center located within the territory.
MIT is the closest and fastest source for "legally
hosted" gambling websites for their North
has not known the political turmoil that has affected
the nearby Kanesatake Mohawk reserve; however,
people from Kahnawake blocked the Honoré
Mercier Bridge to Montreal during the Oka Crisis
in 1990, because they were denied access to Kanesatake
through Montreal by the Sûreté du
Québec. Both the Canadian and Quebec governments
dispute the legality of Kahnawake's gambling operations,
but have not risked taking further action due
to the harsh international repercussions that
followed the Oka Crisis. The websites hosted within
Kahnawake are the only privately owned gambling
sites that have operated in continental North
America without legal action being taken against
Fifty men from Kahnawake volunteered to fight
with the United States armed forces in Vietnam.
International use of flag
2007, two vessels operated by the Sea Shepherd
Conservation Society flew the Kahnawake Mohawk
flag, which made the Kahnawake Mohawk nation the
only indigenous American sovereign nation to have
deep-sea foreign-going vessels flying their flag.
However, since December 2007 the Sea Shepherd
vessels have been registered in the Netherlands.
Morris Won a gold medal for Canada at the 1984
Olympics in Canoe/Kayak (K2)
Dwayne Zacharie Current Chief of Police, and former
member of the Canadian National Wrestling team
Waneek Horn-Miller Was the Co-Captain of the Canadian
National Womens Water Polo team at the 2000 Olympics
Chief Don Eagle - Former AWA World Wrestling champion,
gaining the title in 1950
Billy Two Rivers- Former pro wrestler and Mohawk
Council of Kahnawake Councillor.
Mary Two Axe Early-1911-1996. Champion of Native
Women's rights, she played a major role in having
Bill C-31 implemented in Canada. Honorary Doctorate,
Order of Canada, Order of Quebec, Aboriginal Achievement
Award, Governor General's Award.
Kateri Tekakwitha 1656-1680-Beatified on June
22, 1980 by Pope John Paul II.
Louis Jackson - 1843-?. Author of "Our Caughnawaga's
in Egypt: A Narrative of what was seen and accomplished
by the contingent of North American Indian voyageurs
who led the British boat expedition for the relief
of Khartoum up the cataracts of the Nile"
Peter Blue Cloud (Aroniawenrate) Noted Mohawk
poet. American Book Award winner. 1981.
has several media outlets in the community:
The Eastern Door, an award winning newspaper that
publishes each Friday
K103 Radio, a radio station serving the community
for over 25 years
Mohawk TV/Loud Spirit Productions, a television
company that features weekly programing as well
as a reality show.
Mohawk Radio, an Internet based radio station,
which received an award for its junior hockey
The Mohawk Council of Kahnawake Communications
Department, produces "Kwatokent TV,"
a bi-weekly informational program
Iorì:wase News, an online newspaper from
the Kanien’kéhá:ka Nation
CKRK-FM Mohawk Radio (Credit:
Kahnawake Gaming Commission is an organisation
that licenses a large number of online casinos
and online poker rooms. It was established in
1996 and is based in Kahnawake 14, Quebec.
It charges a fee for the initial application of
$15,000 plus an annual licence fee of $10,000.
License holders are entitled to display the group's
logo on their website. The group takes complaints
about licensees on its website. Alternatively,
they can be contacted by regular mail or telephone.
legality of the hundreds of casinos operating
from Kahnawake lies between native rights of the
Mohawk Nation, and the Canadian Criminal Code,
which states that only the provincial government
is permitted to issue casino licences.
posted on Kahnawake's website, their Commission
has a license to "control gaming and gaming
related activities" conducted within their
area. The Kahnawake Commission lists two complaints
on its website, the first being that GoldenPalace.com
disrupted the 2004 Olympic Games. The online casino
was told by the Commission to make a donation
to Mohawk charities and that "Golden Palace
will not use, promote, encourage or fund this
type of ‘marketing’ ever again".
However, the casino proceeded to also disrupt
the 2006 Winter Olympics. No action was taken
against the casino by Kahnawake. (Credit:
Entertainment is an online gambling, music and
entertainment company headquartered in Antigua
and licensed in Kahnawake, Antigua and Barbuda,
San José, Costa Rica and the United Kingdom.
Bodog maintains an online sportsbook and racebook,
an online casino and an online poker room. The
company was founded in 1994 by Calvin Ayre.
also owns Bodog.net (the play money version of
their regular gaming site), as well as an international
music label called Bodog Music, and a television
production division which produces shows such
as Calvin Ayre Wild Card Poker that appeared on
Fox Sports Net.
May of 2007 Bodog garnered media attention with
an entertainment bet that asked if Heather Mills
[the ex-wife of former Beatle Paul McCartney]
would lose her prosthetic leg during taping of
"Dancing with the Stars". "The
Sopranos" season finale in June of 2007 was
another popular prop bet for Bodog, as was the
June 27, 2007 Paris Hilton-Larry King interview,
in which the gambling Web site accepted wagers
on what the hotel heiress would say and wear during
her first televised interview following her release
from a Los Angeles jail.
2006, Bodog launched a mixed martial arts (MMA)
promotion called BodogFight. It airs on the Outdoor
Life Network and The Fight Network (in Canada),
as well as being broadcast online. BodogFight
also has a distribution deal with ION Media Networks.
game Scarface: The World Is Yours features a Bodog
Stampede, a large, fast vehicle with an automatic
machine gun attached on the top. The in-game car
was designed by Bodog. The game also features
various billboard advertisements featuring Bodog
2008, Bodog announced the signing of hip hop legend
DMX and will release two albums on the same day
both titled Walk with Me Now and You'll Fly with
Me Later later this year, making it his debut
on the label.
Music is a record company owned by Bodog Entertainment.
The roster of the record label includes:
* Bif Naked
* Bishop Brigante
* Britt Black
* Fall from Grace (the winners of the Fuse TV
reality show Bodog Music Battle of the Bands)
* The Heck
* Nazanin Afshin-Jam
* The Vincent Black Shadow
* Fear Nuttin Band
* Wu-Tang Clan
ABC newsmagazine show Nightline highlighted the
website and its legal ambiguities in an episode
that originally aired on July 7, 2006.
August 2006, a lawsuit was filed and later withdrawn
by Bluemoon Entertainment. The lawsuit was withdrawn
because Bodog had very few assets based in the
October 2006, the U.S. government passed the Unlawful
Internet Gambling and Enforcement Act which prohibits
banks from processing transactions for online
gambling operators. Though the act did not make
online gambling itself illegal per se, many online
casinos and poker rooms abandoned the U.S. market,
though Bodog chose to continue to serve U.S. players.
August 1, 2007 a judge for the Superior Court
of King County, Washington issued a default judgment
in the amount of $ 48,937,456.00 in the case of
1st Technology LLC v. Bodog Entertainment Group
S.A. for 1st Technology's patent infringement
claim. Bodog's founder claims that the company
was not served and that the company has an insufficient
presence in the United States to infringe any
to the judgment, Bodog "temporarily"
lost control of the Bodog.com URL. That day they
moved operations to a new URL, newbodog.com. On
September 19, 2007, Bodog transferred their domain
from NewBodog.com to BodogLife.com.
poker players David Williams, Josh Arieh, Justin
Bonomo, and Evelyn Ng are members of Team Bodog
and play regularly in the Bodog poker room. At
the time of his victory, 2006 World Series of
Poker Main Event winner Jamie Gold was also a
member of Team Bodog, but that business relationship
ended on January 25, 2007. Team Bodog poker player
Matt McCullough finished third at the 2007 World
Series of Poker Europe Main Event taking home
£381,910 ($766,674 US). (Credit:
Ayre official website
Mohawk Gaming Group
Ayre (Bodog Entertainment Group)
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entertainment giant, offers its sportsbook
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a series of cash and non-monetary prizes.
Bodog Sportsbook doesn’t simply offer up
lines, futures and props – it also provides
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Nation, Bodog’s popular sports and entertainment
online magazine. As a result, Bodog has become
a recognized source of information by ESPN, USA
Today, Yahoo and other media outlets.
in 1994, Bodog Entertainment, with its head office
in the lovely island country of Antigua in the
Caribbean, is one of the world’s fastest
growing media and digital
entertainment companies and has offices world
wide. Bodog offers a host of entertainment services,
gaming, an international
record label, a publishing
division and, and an international
television production division.
Gaming is operated in North America under License
by Morris Mohawk