Mediaman Profile of the month: Hugos
Cross is an inner-city locality of Sydney, New South
Wales, Australia. It is located approximately 2 kilometres
east of the Sydney central business district. The
area is encompassed within the suburbs of Potts Point
and Elizabeth Bay, which have both been administered
by the City of Sydney since March, 2004.
area is infamous in Australia as being a "red-light"
district, with numerous strip clubs and "girlie"
bars along Darlinghurst Road, although many now accuse
the City Council of seeking to gentrify the area,
and recent years have seen changing demographics.
It is also known for its Neon signs and advertising
posters, the most famous being the iconic Coca-Cola
sign. It is often referred to by Sydneysiders by the
affectionate colloquialism "the Cross".
locality is also the most densely populated place
in Australia with a population of around 20,000
people in a 1.4 square kilometre area. Kings Cross
consists chiefly of a retail and entertainment
precinct extending approximately 100 metres along
both sides of Darlinghurst Road.
During the early 19th century the Kings Cross-Potts
Point area was one of Sydney's most prestigious suburbs,
being far enough to escape the noise and smell of
the central city but close enough for easy travel.
An additional attraction was the commanding harbour
views to the east and north and (from some points)
views to the west as far as the Blue Mountains.
the early 1800s the Governor of NSW granted several
large estates to favoured subordinates and leading
businessmen. They built a series of grandiose mansions
with sprawling gardens of up to ten acres (40,000
m²). The remnants of these gardens helped give
the area of its leafy character, and many of the mansions
are commemorated in street names, such as Kellett
of the grand estates were ultimately subdivided with
all but a handful of the great houses demolished.
One of the surviving estates is Elizabeth Bay House,
a quintessential example of Australian colonial architecture.
as Queen's Cross until the early 20th century, it
was renamed King's Cross after Edward VII of the United
Kingdom. The "cross" is a reference to the
major intersection formed by William Street and Darlinghurst
Road, which forms the locality's southernmost limit.
Kings Cross district was Sydney's bohemian heartland
from the early decades of the 20th Century. From the
1960s onwards it also came to serve as both the city's
main tourist accommodation and entertainment mecca,
as well as its red light district. It thereby achieved
a high level of notoriety out of all proportion to
its limited geographical extent.
area boomed during the late 1960s, with hundreds of
American servicemen on R & R leave flocking to
the area each week in search of entertainment. Organised
crime and police corruption was well entrenched in
the areaone of Sydney's most notorious illegal
casinos operated with impunity for many years, although
it was known to all and located only yards from Darlinghurst
police station. Much of this activity can be related
with Abe Saffron, commonly known as Mr Sin or "the
boss of the Cross". This inevitably led to a
rise in crime, vice and corruption, and a massive
increase in the influx and use of heroin, much of
which was initially brought in by American servicemen
in the pay of drug rings.
the late 1970s and 80s, drug-related crime was one
of the area's main social problems, leading to the
controversial establishment of Australia's first legal
drug injecting room (where users of illegal drugs
can inject themselves in clean conditions without
harassment) at a shopfront site near Kings Cross railway
station in May, 2001. As an example of harm reduction;
the injecting room is credited with saving the lives
of some injecting drug users who have overdosed at
the facility since its inception.
the turn of the century Kings Cross has witnessed
a large number of real estate developmentsboth
refurbishments of historic apartment buildings, and
the construction of new ones. This has resulted in
demographic changes as affluent professionals are
increasingly residing in the area and are in turn
significantly altering the character of the area.
local business action group is the Kings Cross Partnership
and the major annual event each autumn is the Kings
Cross Food and Wine Festival. (Credit:
Google News seach for 'kings
activities at Kings Cross, by Michael West - 1st December
This website attracts approx 1 million hits per
month (Reference: Google, Alexa and Webalizer)