Travel and Tourism Europe
Carlo (French: Monte-Carlo, Occitan: Montcarles,
Monégasque: Monte-Carlu) is one of Monaco's
administrative areas, sometimes erroneously believed
to be a town or the country's capital. The official
capital is Monaco-Ville and covers all quarters
of the territory. The old town of Monaco-Ville
surrounds the palace on the southwest side of
the Monaco harbour. To the west is the new suburb,
harbour, and marina of Fontvieille. On the other
side of the rock and around the harbour is La
Condamine and resort of Larvotto with is on the
Monte Carlo, which lies in the French Riviera
on the Mediterranean Sea in Monaco in the corner
of France and Italy is known internationally as
a playground for the rich and famous. It is widely
known for its casinos, gambling, glamour, luxurious
yachts and for sightings of wealthy businessmen
and famous people. The permanent population is
about 3,000. Monte Carlo quarter includes not
only Monte Carlo proper where the famous Le Grand
Casino is located. It also includes the neighborhoods
of Saint-Michel, Saint-Roman/Tenao, and the beach
community of Larvotto. It borders the French town
of Beausoleil (formerly known as Monte-Carlo-Supérieur).
Carlo is home to most of the Circuit de Monaco,
on which the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix takes
place. It also hosts world championship boxing
bouts, the European Poker Tour Grand Final and
the World Backgammon Championship as well as fashion
shows and other events. Although the Monte Carlo
Masters tennis tournament is billed as taking
place in the community, its actual location is
in the adjacent French commune of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin.
Monte Carlo has been visited by royalty as well
as the general public and movie stars for decades.
The Monte Carlo Rally is one of the longest running
and most respected car rallies, and marks the
start of each rally season as the first event
on the World Rally Championship calendar, but
the rally takes place outside the Monte Carlo
Monte Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist
resorts, although many of the key tourist destinations
are located in other parts of Monaco, including
such attractions as Monaco Cathedral, the Napoleon
Museum, the Oceanographic Museum and aquarium,
and the Prince's Palace, all of which are located
Opéra de Monte-Carlo
The Opéra de Monte-Carlo or Salle Garnier
was built by the famous architect Charles Garnier
as an exact replica in miniature of the Paris
Opera House. The auditorium of the opera house
is decorated in red and gold and has frescoes
and sculptures all around the auditorium. The
ceiling of the auditorium is covered in high quality
paintings. It was inaugurated on January 25, 1879
with a performance by Sarah Bernhardt dressed
as a nymph. The first opera performed there was
Robert Planquette's Le Chevalier Gaston on 8 February
1879, and that was followed by three more in the
With the influence of the first director, Jules
Cohen (who was instrumental in bringing Adelina
Patti) and the fortunate combination of Raoul
Gunsbourg, the new director from 1883, and Princess
Alice, the opera-loving American wife of Charles
III's successor, Albert I, the company was thrust
onto the world's opera community stage. Gunsbourg
remained for sixty years overseeing such premiere
productions as Berlioz's La damnation de Faust
in 1893 and the first appearances in January 1894
of the heroic Italian tenor, Francesco Tamagno
in Verdi's Otello, the title role of which he
had created for the opera's premiere in Italy.
By the early years of the twentieth century, the
Salle Garnier was to see such great performers
as Nellie Melba and Enrico Caruso in La bohème
and Rigoletto (in 1902), and Feodor Chaliapin
in the premiere of Jules Massenet's Don Quichotte
(1910). This production formed part of a long
association between the company and Massenet and
his operas, two of which were presented there
Other famous twentieth-century singers to appear
at Monte Carlo included Titta Ruffo, Geraldine
Farrar, Mary Garden, Tito Schipa, Beniamino Gigli,
Claudia Muzio, Georges Thill and Lily Pons.
Apart from Massenet, composers whose works had
their first performances at Monte Carlo included:
Saint-Saëns (Hélène, 1904);
Mascagni (Amica, 1905); and Puccini (La rondine,
1917). Indeed, since its inauguration, the theatre
has hosted 45 world premiere productions of operas.
René Blum was retained to found the Ballet
de l'Opéra. The "Golden Age"
of the Salle Garnier is gone, as small companies
with small houses are not able to mount productions
that cost astronomical sums. Nonetheless, the
present day company still presents a season containing
five or six operas.
Hôtel de Paris was established in 1864 by
Charles III of Monaco adjacent to the casino.
It is a prestigious and luxurious palace style
hotel in the heart of Monte Carlo. It belongs
to the Société des Bains de Mer
Monaco (SBM), It is part of the elite Palace Grand
Hotels in Monaco with the Hotel Hermitage, the
Monte-Carlo Beach Hotel on Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel
& Resort, the Metropole Hotel and Fairmont
The hotel has 187 rooms including 175 suites with
a panoramic view of the Mediterranean, Port of
Monaco, Rock of Monaco and Palace of Monaco for
the most part.
to its lavish buildings and glamorous nature,
Monte Carlo has featured in numerous films and
television series. The 1930 American film Monte
Carlo starring Jack Buchanan and Jeanette MacDonald
was set in Monte Carlo. The casino featured in
the James Bond films Never Say Never Again (1983)
and Goldeneye (1995) which featured Pierce Brosnan
going into the casino with a red Ferrari outside
in the car park. Monte Carlo was even a location
for the late 1960s British London based series
Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased) where in the eleventh
episode of the series, The Ghost who Saved the
Bank at Monte Carlo Mike Pratt, Kenneth Cope and
Annette Andre went to Monte Carlo to accompany
a highly talented elderly woman to gamble inside
the casino and layway a group of thugs (amongst
them Brian Blessed). In 1970 Chevrolet introduced
a car called the Chevrolet Monte Carlo which went
through six generations of production until 2007.
Caves Into EU Pressure: Will Legalize Online Gambling
which has long been against legalized online gambling,
has finally conceded to European Union pressures.
The country announced Friday it's plans to open
the marketplace for external online gambling enterprises.
news is likely to help boost share prices in online
gambling firms come Monday," expressed Jagajeet
Chiba, Business writer for the Gambling911.com
website. "These companies are always looking
to expand in various markets and France is a lucrative
one to be sure."
no use denying the reality of online gambling
and the expectations of French people," French
Budget Minister Éric Woerth said.
the measure represents the government acquiescing
to pressure from the European Union to introduce
competition in the sector, the gambling sector
said the move does not go far enough, according
to a Financial Times report.
for a new online gambling bill are to be submitted
to cabinet by the end of March.
European Union has also been applying pressure
on the United States to open its market to outside
i-Gaming firms like William Hill and Ladbrokes.
will be required to provide measures that prevent
children from gambling online and control addiction.
The illegal online industry is worth around €7bn
($9bn) and comprises 25,000 sites, said Mr Woerth.
(French: IPA: [f??~s]), officially the French
Republic (French: République française,
IPA: [?epyblik f??~s?z]), is a country whose metropolitan
territory is located in Western Europe and that
also comprises various overseas islands and territories
located in other continents. Metropolitan France
extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English
Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine
to the Atlantic Ocean. French people often refer
to Metropolitan France as L'Hexagone (The "Hexagon")
because of the geometric shape of its territory.
is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland,
Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. In some of its
overseas departments, France also shares land borders
with Brazil, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles.
France is also linked to the United Kingdom via the
Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English
French Republic is a democracy that is organised as
a unitary semi-presidential republic. It is a developed
country with the sixth-largest economy in the world.
Its main ideals are expressed in the Declaration of
the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. France is one
of the founding members of the European Union, and
has the largest land area of all members. France is
also a founding member of the United Nations, and
a member of the Francophonie, the G8, and the Latin
Union. It is one of the five permanent members of
the United Nations Security Council wielding veto
power, and it is also an acknowledged nuclear power.
It is considered as one of the post World War II great
powers. France is the most popular international tourist
destination in the world, receiving over 75 million
foreign tourists annually.
name France originates from the Franks, a Germanic
tribe that occupied northern Europe after the fall
of the Western Roman Empire. More precisely, the region
around Paris, called Île-de-France, was the
original French royal demesne.
and history of the name
Name of France
The name France comes from Latin Francia, which literally
means "land of the Franks or Frankland".
There are various theories as to the origin of the
name of the Franks. One is that it is derived from
the Proto-Germanic word frankon which translates as
javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks
was known as a francisca. Similarly, the Saxons are
named after a variety of single-edged knives called
proposed etymology is that in an ancient Germanic
language, Frank means free. However, rather than the
ethnic name of the Franks coming from the word frank,
it is more probable that the word is derived from
the ethnic name of the Franks, the connection being
that only the Franks, as the conquering class, had
the status of freemen. The Merovingian kings claimed
descent of their dynasty from the Sicambri, a Scythian
or Cimmerian tribe, asserting that this tribe had
changed their name to "Franks" in 11 BC,
following their defeat and relocation by Drusus, under
the leadership of a certain chieftain called Franko,
although they had actually come from present day Netherlands,
Lower Saxony, and possibly, ultimately Scandinavia.
In German, France is still called Frankreich, which
literally means "Realm of the Franks". In
order to distinguish from the Frankish Empire of Charlemagne,
Modern France is called Frankreich, while the Frankish
Realm is called Frankenreich.
word "Frank" had been loosely used from
the fall of Rome to the Middle Ages, yet from Hugh
Capet's coronation as "King of the Franks"
("Rex Francorum") it became used to strictly
refer to the Kingdom of Francia, which would become
France. The Capetian Kings were descended from the
Robertians, who had produced two Frankish kings, and
previously held the title of "Duke of the Franks"
("duces francorum"). This Frankish duchy
encompassed most of modern northern France but because
the royal power was sapped by regional princes the
term was then applied to the royal demesne as a shorthand.
It was finally the name adopted for all of the Kingdom
as central power was affirmed over the entire kingdom.
Contrast and diversity
France is known around the world as a diverse country
in its people, architectures and landscapes. About
56% of the French population claim to have foreign
background  , which makes France one of the most
diverse countries in Europe. Old and more recent immigrants
came to France from the five continents (Africa, Asia,
Australia, Europe and the Americas). China and the
United Kingdom contributed most of its immigrants
in 2005. France is also home of the highest point
in Europe (Mont-Blanc 4,810 m; 15,780 ft) and one
of the lowest points in Europe, Delta du Rhone, (-5
m; -15 ft). France is seventeen-times smaller than
Brazil and half the size of Ontario, which means that
one hour by plane or eight hours by car are enough
to cross the whole country from one extremity to the
other. Despite its size, France's landscapes are extremely
varied from one region to another, ranging from Paris
and its suburbs to high alpine territory to oceanfront
the one hand, France is highly densified with old
architecture such as the city of Paris or the Centre
of Troyes. The French Family Code is 200 years old
and has been written under Napoleon. On the other
hand, France is a highly developed country with an
extensive highway network (for example: France is
slightly bigger than California but its highway network
is more than twice as long), 32,000 kilometres (20,000
mi) of railways (SNCF), along with modern ski resorts
and gigantic malls. France is also the country with
the fastest average internet connection speed (ADSL
and more recently optical fibre in Paris), and in
2004, for the 3rd time in a row, the French healthcare
system has been ranked number one in the world by
the World Health Organisation.
History of France
The borders of modern France are approximately the
same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited
by Celtic Gauls. Gaul was conquered for Rome by Julius
Caesar in the 1st century BC, and the Gauls eventually
adopted Roman speech (Latin, which evolved into the
French language) and Roman culture. Christianity took
root in the 2nd century and 3rd century AD, and became
so firmly established by the fourth and fifth centuries
that St. Jerome wrote that Gaul was the only region
free from heresy.
the 4th century AD, Gaul's eastern frontier along
the Rhine was overrun by Germanic tribes, principally
the Franks, from whom the ancient name of "Francie"
was derived. The modern name "France" derives
from the name of the feudal domain of the Capetian
Kings of France around Paris. The Franks were the
first tribe among the Germanic conquerors of Europe
after the fall of the Roman Empire to convert to Catholic
Christianity rather than heretical Arianism (their
King Clovis did so in 498); thus France obtained the
title "Eldest daughter of the Church" (La
Fille Ainée de l'Eglise), and the French would
adopt this as justification for calling themselves
"the Most Christian Kingdom of France".
as a separate entity began with the Treaty of Verdun
(843), with the division of Charlemagne's Carolingian
empire into East Francia, Middle Francia and Western
Francia. Western Francia approximated the area occupied
by modern France.
Carolingians ruled France until 987, when Hugh Capet,
Duke of France and Count of Paris, was crowned King
of France. His descendants, the Direct Capetians,
the House of Valois and the House of Bourbon, progressively
unified the country through a series of wars and dynastic
inheritance. The monarchy reached its height during
the 17th century and the reign of Louis XIV. At this
time France possessed the largest population in Europe
(see Demographics of France) and had tremendous influence
over European politics, economy, and culture. Towards
the end of this era, France played a major role in
the American Revolution by providing capital and some
military assets to the anti-British rebels. The decisive
French victory over Britain at the Battle of the Chesapeake
followed by the French-led Siege of Yorktown in 1781
ended the American Revolutionary War and allowed the
American independence over the British. (Wikipedia).
is a casino and gambling game named after the
French word meaning "small wheel". In
the game, players may choose to place bets on
either a number, a range of numbers, the color
red or black, or whether the number is odd or
even. To determine the winning number and color,
a croupier spins a wheel in one direction, then
spins a ball in the opposite direction around
a tilted circular track running around the circumference
of the wheel. The ball eventually loses momentum
and falls on to the wheel and into one of 37 (in
European roulette) or 38 (in American roulette)
colored and numbered pockets on the wheel.