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refers to either: one of the seven emirates that make
up the United Arab Emirates in the North mid part
of the Arabian Peninsula , or that emirate's main
city, sometimes called "Dubai City" to distinguish
it from the emirate.
has the largest population and is the second largest
emirate by area, after Abu Dhabi. Dubai is distinct
from other members of the UAE in that revenues from
oil account for only 6% of its gross domestic product.
A majority of the emirate's revenues are from the
Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZ) and, increasingly, from
tourism and other service businesses.
enormous construction and development in various industries,
Dubai has attracted world-wide attention through innovative
real estate projects, sports events, conferences and
Guinness records. However, this increased attention,
coinciding with its emergence as a world business
hub, has also highlighted potential human rights issues
concerning its largely immigrant workforce.
The earliest recorded mention of Dubai is in 1095
AD, in the Arabic book "Mojam Ma Ostojam men
Asmae Al belaad wal Mawadhea" by Abdullah Bin
Abdu Aziz Al Bakri Al Andalasi. He refers to 'Dubai'
as a vast place. Later, in 1587 AD, the Venetian pearl
merchant Gaspero Balbi mentions the name of Dubai
as one of the places where Venetians worked, diving
are records of the town of Dubai from 1799. Earlier
in the 18th century the Al Abu Falasa lineage of Bani
Yas clan established itself in Dubai which was a dependent
of the settlement of Abu Dhabi until 1833.
8 January 1820, the sheikh of Dubai was a signatory
to the British sponsored "General Treaty of Peace"
(the General Maritime Treaty).
1833, the Al Maktoum dynasty of the Bani Yas tribe
left the settlement of Abu Dhabi and took over the
town of Dubai, "without resistance". From
that point on, Dubai, a newly independent emirate
was constantly at odds with the emirate of Abu Dhabi.
An attempt by the Qawasim to take over Dubai was thwarted.
In 1835, Dubai and the rest of the Trucial States
signed a maritime truce with Britain and a "Perpetual
Maritime Truce" about two decades later. Dubai
came under the protection of the United Kingdom (keeping
out the Ottoman Turks) by the Exclusive Agreement
of 1892. Like four of its neighbors, Abu Dhabi, Ras
al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Qaiwain, its position
on the route to India made it an important location.
Dubai City as seen from space
Simplified family tree showing the line of succession
and dates in power - click to enlargeIn March 1892,
the Trucial States (or Trucial Oman) were created.
rulers of Dubai fostered trade and commerce, unlike
the town's neighbors. The town of Dubai was an important
port of call for foreign tradesmen (chiefly Indians),
who settled in the town. Until the 1930s, the town
was known for its pearl exports.
the devaluation of the Gulf Rupee in 1966, Dubai joined
the newly independent state of Qatar to set up a new
monetary unit, the Qatar/Dubai riyal. On 2 December
1971 Dubai, together with Abu Dhabi and four other
emirates, formed the United Arab Emirates after former
protector Britain left the Persian Gulf in 1971. Ras
Al Khaimah joined the UAE in 1972 as the seventh emirate.
In 1973, Dubai joined the other emirates to adopt
a single, uniform currency: the UAE dirham.
following is a list of rulers of Dubai, Al Abu Falasa
dynasty, going back at least to 1833.
- 9 June 1833 Sheikh `Ubayd ibn Said
9 June 1833 - 1852 Sheikh Maktoum I ibn Bati ibn Suhayl
1852 - 1859 Sheikh Said I ibn Bati (d. 1859)
1859 - 22 November 1886 Sheikh Hushur ibn Maktoum
22 November 1886 - 7 April 1894 Sheikh Rashid I ibn
Maktoum (d. 1894)
7 April 1894 - 16 February 1906 Sheikh Maktoum II
ibn Hushur (b. 18.. - d. 1906)
16 February 1906 - November 1912 Sheikh Bati ibn Suhayl
(b. 1851 - d. 1912)
November 1912 - 15 April 1929 Sheikh Saeed II bin
Maktum (1st time) (b. 1878 - d. 1958)
15 April 1929 - 18 April 1929 Sheikh Mani ibn Rashid
18 April 1929 - September 1958 Sheikh Saeed II bin
Maktum (2nd time)
September 1958 - 7 October 1990 Sheikh Rashid II ibn
Said Al Maktoum (b. 1912 - d. 1990)
7 October 1990 - 4 January 2006 Sheikh Maktoum III
bin Rashid Al Maktoum (b. 1943 - d. 2006)
4 January 2006 - Present Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid
Al Maktoum (b. 1949)
The current ruler of Dubai is Sheikh Mohammed bin
Rashid Al Maktoum. Like the preceding ruler, his older
brother Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum, he is
also the Vice President and the Prime Minister of
Dubai is unusual, in that its population comprises
mainly expatriates, with UAE nationals (Emiratis)
constituting the minority. The majority of these expatriates
come from South Asia and South East Asia. A quarter
of the population reportedly traces their origins
to neighboring Iran.Dubai is also home to some 100,000
British and other Western expatriates. The UAE government
does not offer any form of naturalization or permanent
residence to expatriates. However, foreigners are
permitted to purchase and own specifically-designated
property without a local partner or sponsor.
born in the United Arab Emirates receive the same
nationality as their father. Thus those born in the
UAE to expatriates are also considered expatriates.
all of the commercial establishments are run by expatriates
with a silent local partner who merely "rents"
the business license for a negotiated annual fee without
taking part in any capital investment. The numerous
free trade zones allow for full expatriate ownership.
are an increasing number of villas and apartments
in areas which allow expatriate property ownership
such as the Palm Islands, The Greens, Dubai Marina,
and International City. Ownership is either permanent
or on a 99-year lease, depending on the area; freehold
areas were announced in the press in July.2006. Ownership
or lease of a completed residence allows the owner
to apply for (but not guarantee) a residency visa
on a three-year renewable basis. The Federal Government
does not state whether foreigners may or may not own
property and has left individual emirates to formulate
their own property laws.
Language and religion
The official language is Arabic but English, German,
Hindi/Urdu, Malayalam, Tamil, Persian, Russian and
Tagalog are also widely spoken.
7 of the UAE's Provisional Constitution declares Islam
the official state religion of the Union. The Government
funds or subsidizes almost 95 percent of Sunni mosques
and employs all Sunni imams; approximately 5 percent
of Sunni mosques are entirely private, and several
large mosques have large private endowments. The government
distributes guidance on religious sermons to mosques
and imams, whether Sunni or Shi'a, and monitors all
sermons for political content.
Shi'a minority is free to worship and maintain its
own mosques. All Shi'a mosques are considered private
and receive no funds from the government. Within the
UAE, Shi'a imams are government-appointed only in
Dubai. Shi'a Muslims in Dubai may pursue Shi'a family
law cases through a special Shi'a council rather than
the Shari'a courts.
are also large numbers of expatriate Hindus, Sikhs,
and Christians. Non-Muslim groups can own their own
houses of worship, wherein they can practice their
religion freely, by requesting a land grant and permission
to build a compound. Groups that do not have their
own buildings must use the facilities of other religious
organizations or worship in private homes. While the
UAE doesn't offer any federal-level method of granting
official status to religious groups, the individual
emirates may exercise autonomy in officially recognizing
a particular religious denomination. For instance,
Dubai granted legal status to The Church of Jesus
Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1993. Dubai is also
the only emirate that has Hindu temples and a Sikh
Burj Al-Arab behind Al-JumairahIn early 2001, ground
was broken for the construction of several additional
churches on a parcel of land in Jebel Ali donated
by the government of Dubai to four Protestant congregations
and a Roman Catholic congregation. Construction on
the first Greek Orthodox Church in Dubai (to be called
St. Mary's) began at the end of 2005. The land for
the construction of the church was also donated by
the government to the Greek Orthodox community of
support to non-Muslim groups from the Dubai government
is limited to donated land for the construction of
churches and other religious facilities, including
cemeteries. They are permitted to raise money from
among their congregates and to receive financial support
from abroad. Non-Muslim religious groups are permitted
to openly advertise group functions, however, proselytizing
or distributing religious literature is strictly prohibited
under penalty of criminal prosecution, imprisonment,
and deportation for engaging in behavior offensive
also: Roman Catholicism in the United Arab Emirates
The Burj Al-Arab in Dubai.Oil reserves in Dubai are
less than one-twentieth those of Abu Dhabi, and oil
income represents a small proportion of the emirate's
and its twin across the Dubai creek, Deira (independent
at that time), became important ports of call for
Western manufacturers. Most of the new city's banking
and financial centres were headquartered in the port
area. Dubai maintained its importance as a trade route
through the 1970s and 1980s. The city of Dubai has
a free trade in gold and until the 1990s was the hub
of a "brisk smuggling trade" of gold ingots
to India, where gold import was restricted.
Dubai is an important tourist destination and port
(Jebel Ali, constructed in the 1970s, has the largest
man-made harbour in the world), but is also increasingly
developing as a hub for service industries such as
IT and finance, with the new Dubai International Financial
Centre (DIFC). Transport links are bolstered by its
rapidly-expanding Emirates Airline, founded by the
government in 1985 and still state-owned; based at
Dubai International Airport, it carried over 28 million
passengers in fiscal year 2006 and 24 million the
Dubai (under construction) is scheduled to be the
world's tallest buildingThe government has set up
industry-specific free zones throughout the city.
Dubai Internet City, now combined with Dubai Media
City as part of TECOM (Dubai Technology, Electronic
Commerce and Media Free Zone Authority) is one such
enclave whose members include IT firms such as EMC
Corporation, Oracle Corporation, Microsoft, and IBM,
and media organisations such as MBC, CNN, Reuters,
ARY and AP. Dubai Knowledge Village (KV),an education
and training hub, is also set up to complement the
Free Zone's other two clusters, Dubai Internet City
and Dubai Media City, by providing the facilities
to train the clusters' future knowledge workers. Dubai
Outsourcing Zone is for companies who are involved
in outsourcing activities can set up their offices
with concessions provided by Dubai Government. Internet
access is restricted in most areas of Dubai with a
proxy server filtering out sites deemed to be against
cultural and religious values of the UAE - this includes
any .il (Israeli) domains, and VoIP services are also
illegal and usually blocked. However, areas served
by TECOM (an internet service provider) are currently
not filtered. This is expected to change early in
2007 according to the TRA (Telecom Regulatory Authority).
estate and property
The government's decision to diversify from a trade-based
but oil-reliant economy to one that is service- and
tourism-oriented has made real estate more valuable,
resulting in the property boom from 2004-2006. Construction
on a large scale has turned Dubai into one of the
fastest growing cities in the world.
property boom is largely driven by megaprojects
these are just some of many projects planned for Dubai:
The Burj Dubai Complex
The Jumeirah Palm, the world's largest man-made island.The
aspirations of the ruling sheikh are reflected by
the ultra-modern architecture of the city; home to
iconic skyscrapers such as Emirates Towers, which
are the 12th and 24th tallest buildings in the world,
and the Burj al-Arab located on its very own island
in the Persian Gulf and currently the tallest hotel
in the world.
Properties is currently constructing what will become
the world's tallest structure, the Burj Dubai. The
final height of the skyscraper is a closely guarded
secret an indication of the developer's resolve
to attain the title of the world's tallest building
and its intention to hold on to it for as long as
possible but estimates so far point to a height
upwards of 810m. Burj Dubai is expected to be completed
in 2008. By 17 Jan 2007 it had reached 100 floors.
Burj Dubai's neighbour is another behemoth under construction:
the world's largest shopping mall the Dubai
under construction is what is planned to become Dubai's
new Central Business District, named Business Bay.
The project, when completed, will feature a phenomenal
500 skyscrapers built around an artificial extension
of the existing Dubai Creek.
February 2005, the construction of Dubai Waterfront
was announced, it will be 2½ times the size
of Washington D.C., roughly seven times the size of
the island of Manhattan. Dubai Waterfront will be
a mix of canals and islands full of hotels and residential
areas that will add 800 km (500 miles) of man-made
waterfront. It will also contain Al Burj, another
one of the tallest buildings in the world.
has also launched Dubiotech. This is a new park to
be targeted at Biotech companies working in pharma,
medical fields, genetic research and even biodefense.
The aim of this park is to foster the growth of this
sector in Dubai and to utilize the region's talent
in addressing this rapidly growing sector.
of Dubai's recent groundbreaking plans is for a 30-story,
200 apartment skyscraper that will slowly rotate at
its base, making a 360 degree revolution once a week.
The world's first rotating skyscraper is to be in
the center of the Dubailand complex and should be
completed by 2009.
are over 300 stores in the Gold Souk. The International
Media Production Zone is a project targeted at creating
a hub for printers, publishers, media production companies,
and related industry segments. Launched in 2003, the
project is scheduled to be completed in 2006.
new project was announced on May 1, 2006 by the authorities.
It is named Bawadi and will consist of a 27 billion
US-dollar investment intended to increase Dubai's
number of hotel rooms by 29,000, doubling it from
the current figure offers now. The largest complex
will be called "Asia, Asia" and will be
the largest hotel in the world with more than 6,500
first villa freehold properties that were occupied
by non-UAE nationals were The Meadows, The Springs,
and The Lakes (high-end neighbourhoods designed by
Emaar Properties, collectively called Emirates Hills).
of various nationalities have been pouring capital
into Dubai in the past several years, greatly contributing
to the city's prosperity. Iranian expatriates alone
are estimated to have invested up to $200 billion
interests have also purchased large amounts of real
estate in foreign countries, in particular snapping
up trophy properties in global centers like New York
and London. Purchases in 2005 included New York's
230 Park Avenue (formerly known as the New York Central
Building or the Helmsley Building) and Essex House
on Central Park South.
the Dubai Department of Tourism and Commerce Marketing's
list of developments in Dubai for more information.
Cranes dominate the sky over Dubai.
Since 2000, Dubai's municipality has initiated a plethora
of construction phases and plans across the entire
city of Dubai, predominantly in the Mina Seyahi area,
located further from Jumeirah, towards Jebel Ali.
Many areas of Dubai are dominated by the large number
of construction cranes. Construction in Dubai and
the UAE in general is a much faster process than in
any Western country. This is partly because Dubai
construction companies employ many low wage labourers
from the Asian subcontinent for up to 12 hours a day,
six or seven days a week.
of the main reasons for the boom in construction in
Dubai is its drive to diversify the economy. The Dubai
government does not want to depend on its oil reserves
which are largely believed to become exhausted by
2010 and, as such, has diversified its economy to
attract revenues in the form of expanding commercial
and corporate activity. Tourism is also being promoted
at a staggering rate with the construction of Dubailand
and other projects that include the making of mammoth
shopping malls, theme parks, resorts, stadiums and
various other tourist attractions.
reason for the construction boom is the recent reversal
of a law in 2002 that allows non-nationals of the
UAE to own property (not land) in Dubai (albeit freehold
and 99 year leases are actually sold to people with
ownership still remaining with private companies).
The larger of the property tycoons are Nakheel Properties
and Emaar Properties. In Dubai, demand is currently
outstripping supply by a significant margin and is
showing no signs of slowing in the near future. Rents
have skyrocketed with the recent inflow of professionals
and companies from around the world who are attracted
by Dubai's no-tax benefits although rises have recently
been capped to 7% per annum up to 2007 under a directive
from Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Legislation in
this area is still developing as the property market
for foreigners is relatively new.
Dubai has a very large bus system run by the Roads
and Transport Authority (RTA). The bus system has
193 routes on weekdays and transports over 30 million
people weekly. The Public Transport bus system is
large and advanced but not large enough to accommodate
the volume of people who use it. This means that in
busy areas it is common that at the end of the day
commuters may have to wait more than an hour before
they can board a bus. Unfortunately the amount of
buses does not increase with the same rate as the
amount of passengers, which makes this problem worse
as time progresses. The (RTA) has announced that Dubai
roads will see 620 new buses costing more than one
billion dirhams by next year, the new fleet includes
170 double decker buses.
also has an extensive taxi system, by far the most
frequently used means of public transport within the
Emirate. There are both government-operated and private
cab companies. The Dubai Transport Corporation operates
cream-coloured taxis. Some of the private cab companies
are Cars Taxi, National Taxi, Cititaxi and Metro Taxi.
The meter generally begins as Dhs. 3.80 and is generally
charged by distance at 50 fils/km. There are approximately
7500 taxis located in the city.
There is currently a $3.89 billion Dubai Metro project
under construction for the emirate. The Metro system
is expected to be partially operational by 2009 and
fully operational by 2012. The construction contract
for the project was given to Dubai Rapid Link (DURL),
a consortium led by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. Also
involved are two other Japanese corporations, Obayashi
and Kajima, and a Turkish company, Yapi Merkezi. The
metro will comprise two lines: the Green Line from
Rashidiya to the main city center and the Red Line
from the airport to Jebel Ali. The Dubai Metro (Green
and Blue Lines) will have 70 kilometers of track and
43 stations, 33 above ground and ten underground.
Trains are expected to run every 90 seconds when the
project is completed. Recently, the Blue Line connecting
Dubai International Airport to the new Jebel Ali Port
and Dubai World Central International Airport was
announced. The route will run 47 km through Dubailand,
but the exact number of stations is unknown. Dubai
is building this train system to ease congestion on
its road network and to meet the transportation demands
of its growing population. Seven monorails are also
slated to be constructed to help feed the Metro system,
connecting various places such as Dubailand, Palm
Jumeirah, et al, to the main track.
A water taxi (Abra) in Dubai.
Ports and water travel
Dubai is serviced by several commercial ports and
Dubai Creek is still used by local traders in Dhows:
Rashid (Port Rashid)
One of the more traditional methods of getting across
Bur Dubai to Deira is through abras, small boats that
ferry passengers across the Dubai creek, between abra
stations in Bastakiya and Bani Yas Road, for a nominal
charge of 1 Dirham (AED).
The Dubai International Airport is a hub for Emirates
Airline and has a large Duty Free shopping center.
The airport has won numerous awards for its excellence
in design and services. A third terminal is currently
under construction and is due to open in 2007. The
new terminal will be dedicated to Emirates Airline
and will fully support the new Airbus A380. When completed
this will double the capacity of the airport.
World Central International Airport, currently under
construction, will make a new free trade area within
Dubai and will be the centerpiece of the Jebel Ali
Airport City. The airport was announced in 2004 and
construction began in January 2005. The first part
is expected to be completed by 2008. Although initially
intended as a predominantly cargo airport, plans are
afoot for the new Jebel Ali airport to handle some
120 million passengers per annum within 20 years,
and would likely surpass Atlanta's Hartsfield-Jackson
International Airport, as the world's busiest airport.
is investing heavily in developing the reach of its
airline, Emirates. The idea is to develop Dubai's
air transportation ability so that passengers from
any city can fly direct to Dubai. When Emirates Airline
receives the Boeing 777-200LR Worldliner series aircraft,
it will be able to offer direct access to virtually
any major city in the world. The airline has placed
an order of 45 of Airbus's A-380 'superjumbo' double
decker aircraft, the largest of which has a capacity
of 641 passengers. The A380 aircraft have already
been charted to fly from 2007 onwards. In addition,
Emirates has placed an order of 42 of the new Boeing
777 aircraft in November 2005.
Dubai is divided into 9 sectors: 1-4 & 6 are urban;
7-9 are rural; 8 is Jebel Ali.
sector is sub-divided into communities of various
size with major (named) roads as the boundaries. Currently
there are 44 communities.
these communities are numbered streets and house/building
numbers. In general, even numbered streets run parallel
to the coast and increase in number as one goes inland.
Odd numbered street are perpendicular to the coast
and increase as one moves away from the creek. Note
that these progressions are repeated within each community
so, for example there will be numerous street number
5 along the Jumeirah 1, 2, 3, and Umm Suqeim 'strip'.
In parts what is being dubbed as "New Dubai,"
or some parts of Dubai that range west from Sheikh
Zayed Road to Jebel Ali Free Zone, the formal addressing
system is: sector number, community number, street
number and building number. In common practice, an
address consists of: street number, building number
and community name although the order may vary. For
1a, Villa 2
Umm Suqeim 3
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
In older parts of Dubai (Deira, Bur Dubai), or what
comprises Dubai City and the newer commercial/business
area of Dubai, street or sector addresses, historically,
tend not be used; however, use of the official street
map will show that all sectors and thoroughfares have
been designated. Location tends to be identified via
building name and a landmark, which may very well
mean that a person not familiar with or new to Dubai
may be unable to find his/her destination. For example:
803, City Tower 2
Opposite Emirates Hotel
Sheikh Zayed Road
Dubai, United Arab Emirates
The UAE post is delivered to post office boxes. There
is no home delivery.
History of the postal system
A post office of British India was opened August 19,
1909. It used the stamps of India on mail, with postmark
"Dubai Persian Gulf," until India's independence
in 1947, then stamps of Pakistan until March 31, 1948.
When Pakistan came into existence, the British government
set up a postal administration for Eastern Arabia
and used overprinted British stamps until January
7, 1961, when Dubai issued its own stamps inscribed
"Trucial States." Despite the name, these
were only on sale in Dubai's post office.
Dubai Post Department took over the postal service
on June 14, 1963 and the following day issued a series
of stamps depicting sea life, views of Dubai, and
Sheikh Maktoum bin Rashid Al Maktoum. This was the
opening salvo of a barrage of stamp issues over the
next few years. The emirate discovered that stamp
collectors had a great demand for Dubai stamps, and
by the time the postal system was merged with those
of other emirates in mid-1972, it had issued over
400 stamps, few of which ever saw usage on mail.
The school system in Dubai does not differ from the
school system in the United Arab Emirates. There are
many public and private schools serving Emiratis and
expatriates. The medium of instruction in public schools
is Arabic with emphasis on English as a second language,
While most of the private schools use English as their
medium of instruction. The Ministry of Education of
the United Arab Emirates is responsible for school's
accreditation. The Dubai Education Council was established
in July 2005 to develop the education sector in Dubai.
Annual fees for all schools vary greatly from free
for public schools to a few thousand or tens of thousands
dirhams per year for private schools.
Some private primary schools conduct entrance tests.
Most private schools cater to one or more expatriate
communities. Our Own English High School, the Dubai
Modern High School, and the The Indian High School,
Dubai offer either a CBSE or an ICSE Indian syllabus.
Dubai English Speaking School, Jumeirah Primary School,
Jebel Ali Primary School, Jumeirah English Speaking
School, King's School and the Horizon School all offer
British primary education up to the age of eleven.
Dubai British School, Dubai College, English College
Dubai, and Jumeirah College are all British eleven-to-eighteen
secondary schools which offer GCSE and A-Levels. St.
Mary's Catholic High School offers the British curriculum
GSCE and A-Level programmes to the Dubai community.
The Emirates International School, Wellington School
and Cambridge International High School are also secondary
schools that offer a combination of GCSE, IGCSE, and
IB courses to the expatriate community. Cambridge
International and St. Mary's are popular choices for
the Indian expat community. The International School
of Choueifat and Emirates International School offer
both British and American curricula. Dubai English
Speaking School and Jumeirah English Speaking School
are the number one primary schools of choice for many
expats, with Dubai College leading the list of secondary
growing number of K-12 schools offer the American
syllabus. The American School of Dubai (ASD), which
is located in Jumeirah and Dubai American Academy
(DAA) in Al Barsha are popular choices. ASD offers
an accredited American high school diploma; DAA offers
both an American-accredited high school diploma and
the International Baccalaureate [IB] diploma. There
are also some primary and high schools that offer
Canadian and Japanese syllabi.
Many expatriates tend to send their children back
to their home country or to western countries for
university education. However, a sizable number of
foreign accredited universities have been set up in
the city over the last ten years. Some of these universities
include the American University in Dubai (AUD), The
American College of Dubai, SP Jain Center Of Management
(part of India's reputed Business School SP Jain Institute
of Management & Research), XLRI Dubai Campus for
Management (in collaboration with Al Abbas Institute
of Technology),Al Ghurair University, Birla Institute
of Technology and Science, Heriot-Watt University,
Middlesex University, Dubai, the Higher Colleges of
Technology (Dubai Women's College and Dubai Men's
College campuses, University of Wollongong in Dubai,
Dublin's Dubai business school, European University
College Brussels, Dubai, Mahatma Gandhi University,
Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Shaheed Zulfiqar
Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, British
University of Dubai and Zayed University. Also, in
2004, the Dubai School of Government in cooperation
with the Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School
of Government was set up. Its long-term objective
is to become a knowledge centre in the Arab world.
The Harvard Medical School Dubai Center (HMSDC) Institute
for Postgraduate Education and Research has been established
as well in Dubai Health Care City.
Cultural and artistic developments
Dubai is quickly aspiring to enrich its cultural scene
with the $13.6 billion development of the Dubai Cultural
Village. This development will include art museums
and performing arts centers as well as libraries,
schools for music and dance, rare book stores and
open spaces for recreation.
has a growing number of stages including the Royal
Hall at the Dubai Pearl, and the Dubai Community Theatre.
The Madinat Theatre is also one of the most significant
and luxurious theaters in the region, hosting many
International theatre productions including those
from London's West End.
Dubai International Film Festival is an annual film
festival that attracts the stars from all over the
world. Dubai is also developing the Dubai Studio City
which aims to be a center for artistic production
on the screen.
is currently building an island opera house which
has been designed by Zaha Hadid.
An art museum and a general museum are currently being
Dubai Chamber Orchestra was founded in 2002 and performs
in the various existing and newly developed concert
Dubai Pipe Band was started in 2004, and plays at
various ceremonies including the Dubai Global Village.
Media in Dubai
Dubai has courted many media and technology companies
which has allowed the city to become a major media
hub. Most of these companies are located in Dubai
Media City and Dubai Internet City. Reuters, APTN,
MBC, CNBC Arabiya, Bloomberg L.P., BMG, Showtime Arabia,
BBC and CNN have all set up regional offices in the
area. There are also a number of local publishing
companies, including ITP and Motivate.
Radio and television stations in Dubai
Whilst there are multiple international channels available
to residents through cable, satellite and radio connections,
local channels are available from the Arabian Radio
Network and Dubai Media Incorporated .
Internet usage in Dubai
Etisalat currently is the leading internet provider
in the emirate and they provide different connectivity-options
including high speed and the wireless access the user
can choose to connect to the internet. Du (telco)
, the new telecommunication company, will also provide
internet services in the emirate. There are also many
Internet Cafes in the downtown Dubai city. (Credit: